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Climate change

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Long lasting and measurable modification of the climate. According to the sources, the term climate change can encompass natural and anthropogenic changes (for IPCC, for example) or only changes related to human activity (according to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change).
Source
according to IPCC

Climatology

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Study of the action of meteorological phenomena on different parts of the planet, of their mutual reactions, of their temporal evolution, and of different climates.
Source
according to the Robert dictionary

Pluviometry

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Study of precipitations, their nature (rain, snow, soft hail, fog), their distribution and the techniques used for their measurement. Rainfall, with the distribution of Earth's temperature, conditions terrestrial climates, the nature and functioning of ecosystems and their primary productivity. It is one of the factors conditioning the development of human societies.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Drought

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun

The normal or temporary status of the soil or environment, corresponding to a water shortage, over a significantly long period so that it causes impacts on natural or cultivated flora, wildlife or livestock.

Source
According to Wikipédia

Meteorological drought

Updated on 08/07/2019
Définition
Sens commun

A type of drought corresponding to a pronounced and prolonged deficit of precipitation.

Source
according to Météo France

Soil drought

Updated on 08/07/2019
Définition
Sens commun

A type of drought characterized by a water deficit in the surface soils (between 1 and 2 m deep), sufficient to alter the good development of vegetation.

Source
according to Météo France

Hydrological drought

Updated on 08/07/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Type of drought affecting water levels in environments: lakes, rivers or groundwater show abnormally low levels. It depends on precipitation but also on the state of the soil affecting runoff and infiltration.

Source
according to Météo France

Global Change

Updated on 05/03/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Induced change in the dynamics of the biosphere by human activities, directly or not.

Source
d'après Agence de l'eau Rhin-Meuse

Flood forecasting service

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Service in charge of predicting hazardous situations caused by heavy floods, in partnership with Météo-France. The flood forecasting Service (SPC) warns the Prefect in case of alarm and prepares the information to be disseminated to the mayors. The Civil Protection Service of the prefecture is in turn responsible for alerting the mayors by suitable means and providing them with the information developed by the
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

Hazard

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Nature, occurrence, intensity and duration of a threatening phenomenon.
Source
According to SOeS

Average annual rainfall

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Average rainfall over a year: it is obtained mostly by adding the average daily rainfalls of the year and dividing the result by the number of days in the year.
Source
According to AFB

Runoff water

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Rainwater flowing on the ground.
Source
According to BRGM

Nautical meteorology

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Marine meteorology when it concerns navigation. It essentially deals with sea conditions and forecast, visibility, wind, etc.
Source
According to the International Hydrographic Organization

Meteorology

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Science of the atmosphere.
Source
According to the International Hydrographic Organization

Precipitation

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Total volume of atmospheric precipitation, whether in the solid or liquid state (rain, snow, hail, fog, frost, dew, etc), usually measured by meteorological or hydrological institutes.
Source
According to Eurostat