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Defluorination

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Removal of the surplus of fluorine from water, to reach a concentration that does not expose anyone to dental or bone health risks.
Source
according to the Belgian Development Agency

Nitrate removal

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Action to remove nitrates by filtration through an ion exchange resin.
Source
according to the General Council of Seine-et-Marne

Right to water

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
The right to be provided an adequate, physically accessible and affordable supply of safe water of acceptable quality for personal and domestic use. An adequate amount of safe water is needed to prevent mortality from dehydration and to reduce the risk of waterborne disease transmission as well as for consumption, cooking and personal and domestic hygiene.
Source
according to the World Water Council

Bottled water

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Kind of water including spring waters and mineral waters, having specific regulatory requirements defined by the Public Health Code.
Source
according to the Brittany Regional Health Agency (ARS)

Water-borne disease

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Disease caused by ingestion or contact with unsafe water.
Source
according to Lenntech

Algal bloom

Updated on 27/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Phenomenon of exceptional proliferation of algae.

Source
d'après Ifremer

Good environmental status of marine waters (BEE)

Updated on 06/01/2021
Définition
Sens technique

Bon fonctionnement des écosystèmes (au niveau biologique, physique, chimique et sanitaire) permettant un usage durable du milieu marin. Onze descripteurs qualitatifs (annexe 1 de la DCSMM), communs à tous les États membres de l'Union européenne, servent à définir le bon état écologique : Biodiversité ; Espèces non indigènes ; Espèces commerciales ; Réseaux trophiques ; Eutrophisation ; Intégrité des fonds marins ; changements hydrographiques ; Contaminants ; Questions sanitaires ; Déchets marins ; Bruit sous-marin.

 

 

 

 

Source
D'après OFB

National Environmental Health Plan

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
National plan to address the concerns of the French people about the health consequences in the short and medium term of exposure to certain pollutants in their environment; the National Environmental Health Plan (PNSE) must integrate eco-toxicology and eco-epidemiology in conventional sanitary approaches. It covers the whole population and involves many stakeholders: Associations for Environmental Protection, Ministries of the Environment, Health, Labour, Agriculture, Economy, and many agencies and research teams.
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency, Ministry of Health and Ministry for the Environment

Behavioural health risk

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Health risk associated with the bathing activity but not directly related to water quality.
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

Provisional classification

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Health classification of a shellfish farming area, based on results whose number does not establish a permanent classification, but allows a reliable assessment of the level of contamination. The provisional classification is replaced by a permanent classification when the number of required analyses is available.
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Regulatory shellfish group

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Group of shellfish intended for human consumption, defined by the Ministerial Decree of 21 May 1999 concerning the safety classification and the monitoring of production areas and relaying areas for live shellfish. There are three groups in which the different
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Purification

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Transfer of live bivalve molluscs into tanks fed by clean seawater, in which the animals are placed during the time needed for eliminating or reducing microbiological contaminants, to make them fit for human consumption.
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

SISE-Bathing waters

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Information system of the Ministry for Health and of its regional and departmental services to organize the storage of sanitary information on the quality of bathing waters (sea, bodies of water and rivers).
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

SISE-Water

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Information system of the Ministry for Health and of its regional and departmental services to organize the storage of sanitary information on waters.
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Bathing area

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Area where bathing is traditionally practiced by a large number of bathers, whether developed or not, and where there has not been a ban brought to the attention of the public, in accordance with Directive 76/160/EEC.
Source
According to the Ministry of Health

Sanitary control of water

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Control of all waters intended for use and having an impact on public health (drinking water, bathing, watering, etc), which checks their compliance with regulatory requirements in terms of consumption or human and animal…

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Bathing Water Directive

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Directive 76/160/EEC of the Council of 8 December 1975 concerning the quality of bathing waters. It concerns the quality of bathing waters with the exception of water intended for therapeutic purposes and water for swimming pools. Member States shall set values of physico-chemical and microbiological parameters applicable to bathing waters listed in the Annex to the Directive. This directive was transcribed into French law by Decree of 12/19/1991, which also transcribes other directives (fish life, shellfish waters, etc).
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Shellfish Waters Directive

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Directive 79/923/EEC of the Council of 30 October 1979 concerning the quality required of shellfish waters. It concerns the quality of shellfish waters and applies to those coastal and brackish waters designated by the Member States as needing protection or improvement in order to support shellfish life and growth (bivalve and gastropod molluscs) and thus to contribute to the high quality of shellfish products directly edible to human beings. Member States shall determine the values of parameters applicable to shellfish waters and which are listed in the Annex to this Directive. This directive was transcribed into French law by Decree of 12/19/1991, which also transcribed other directives (bathing waters, fish life, etc). Directive 2006/113/EC of 12 December 2006 concerning the quality required of…
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment, Ineris and AFB, Ineris

Bathing water

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Inland surface water or parts thereof (a body of water, etc), running or stagnant waters, and marine waters in which bathing is explicitly authorized by the competent authorities, in so far as they meet European standards, and is not prohibited and is traditionally practiced by a large number of bathers.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

WHO standard

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Value recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the protection of public health, but which is not a mandatory limit value. The WHO standards are intended to serve as guiding principles for the development of national standards which, in turn, take into account the local environmental, social, economic and cultural conditions.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Microbiological quality

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Water status characterized by a degree of presence of microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, protozoa, etc) capable of causing a more or less great health risk.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB