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Water economy

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
A branch of the economy that theoretically deals with the relations between human societies and water, especially in economic policies relating to water, its consumption, use and pricing.
Source
according to the Ministry of Ecology

Eco-tax

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Tax levied on a product, a service or an activity that is likely to be harmful to the environment.
Source
according to the services of the Prime Minister

Socioeconomics of water

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Discipline studying water management from the combined economic and sociological points of view. The socioeconomics of water contributes to identify priority issues concerning water and aquatic environments as well as their prioritisation with regard to the development of the local economy and the environmental realities of the area concerned.
Source
according to the Loire-Brittany Water Agency

Socioeconomics of the environment

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Discipline studying environmental management taking into account phenomena and economic and sociological facts.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Fee

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Payment, made in exchange for an operation right, or for the right to use a service. The French Water Agencies collect fees from all users of water in response to the impact of their activities on aquatic environments. These charges, based on the "polluter pays" principle is also a financial resource dedicated to the preservation of water resources and aquatic environments. The fee rate calculation is performed annually by the River Basin committee, under control of the law.

Source
according to Rhône-Méditerranée & Corse Water Agency

Charges/fees for sanitation

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by the users connected to a collective sanitation system, on their water bill. Users of an on-site sanitation facility must pay a special fee to finance the public on-site sanitation service costs.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment and Water Agencies

Charges/fees for obstacle on rivers

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount due by any owner of a structure that constitutes a continuous obstacle between the two banks of a watercourse (except for structures forming part of hydroelectric installations subject to the fee for water resource abstraction, or where the height difference is less than 5 m, or located on rivers whose average interannual flow is less than 0.3 m3/s at the right of the obstacle).
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment, the Court of Auditors and Water Agencies

Charges/fees for pollution from domestic sources

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by all inhabitants of a community according to their water consumption. The individual actions of each inhabitant to reduce his own consumption (wastage control, leak detection...) may directly lower the amounts paid.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Charges/fees for pollution from non-domestic sources

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by the industrialists according to the volume of the discharged pollution. This fee aims to encourage companies and manufacturers to reduce their discharges. The charge rates are set according to the pollutant elements and can be modulated by zone, to take into account the status of the natural environment.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Charges/fees for non-point source pollution

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by producers of plant protection products. This fee takes into account the level of toxicity and dangerousness of substances used in agricultural and gardening activities. It encourages users to choose less polluting products.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Charges/fees for water abstraction/withdrawal

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money due for water withdrawals, regardless of the user (municipality, industry, farmer) according to specific thresholds. This fee usually has two components: one based on the amount of water withdrawn, the other on the amount of water consumed (i.e. taken and not returned to the natural environment).
Source
according to the Water Agencies and Court of Auditors

Charges/fees for the protection of aquatic environments

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by fishermen at the issuing of the fishing license. It is levied by the departmental or interdepartmental federations of approved associations for fishing and the protection of aquatic environments, from approved associations of amateur fishermen with gear and nets and from approved associations of professional fishing in freshwater.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Charges/fees for water storage during low-water periods

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Amount of money paid by people who store all or part of the volume flowing into a river during low water periods (provided that the capacity of the facility is greater than one million cubic meters). The amount of this fee depends on a rate and a basis, the latter being the volume of water stored during the low water period. The period and the rate are defined by the river basin authorities, according to the hydrological regime of the river.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Green Budget

Updated on 28/10/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Nouvelle classification des dépenses de l’État afin d'évaluer leur impact au regard de 6 objectifs environnementaux :

  •  Lutte contre le changement climatique (mesures d’atténuation) ;
  •  Adaptation au changement climatique et prévention des risques naturels ;
  •  Gestion de la ressource en eau ;
  •  Économie circulaire, déchets et prévention des risques technologiques ;
  •  Lutte contre les pollutions (air, sols, bruit…) ;
  •  Biodiversité et protection des espaces naturels, agricoles et sylvicoles.

Le budget vert confirme un budget pour 2021 à la hauteur de ses ambitions environnementales. La France, est le premier pays au monde à réaliser une évaluation environnementale de l’ensemble de son budget.

Source
Sens technique

Nouvelle classification des dépenses budgétaires et fiscales selon leur impact sur l’environnement et identification des ressources publiques à caractère environnemental. Celle-ci permet d’évaluer la compatibilité du budget aux engagements de la France comme l’accord de Paris sur le climat.

 

Source
d'après Ministère de l'économie des finances

Economic analysis

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Use of analytical methods and economic instruments to help define water management policies under the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Indeed, the goal is to use the economy at several strong points of the WFD implementation: helping achieve environmental objectives - incentive overall price; at the assessment stage, to assess the economic importance of water uses in the district and…

Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Cost-benefit analysis

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Analysis comparing the benefits to all the costs of a given project and of its alternatives, including the impacts that are not submitted to monetary flows (often regarding the environment). The "Cost-Benefit" analysis is a decision-making supporting tool providing objective evidence to the debate. Depending on the value of the benefit/cost ratio, the evaluated project is deemed profitable or not.
Source
According to OECD

Fixed capital

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens technique
All material means for production that are not destroyed during the production process. Their lifespan exceeds one year.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and IOWater

Disproportionate cost

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Refers to costs that justify derogation from the obligations imposed by the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC. The disproportionate costs are legitimized by the impact of the cost of work on water prices and economic activity, as compared to the economic value of environmental benefits and other expected advantages. The disproportion is considered on a case by case basis using criteria such as: the financial resources available in the
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Environmental cost

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Cost of damage to the environment and ecosystems and also indirectly to those who use them: degradation of the quality of water and soil, treatment costs for additional purification of drinking water imposed on communities, etc. Under the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC, we are interested in damage caused by water uses (withdrawals, discharges, developments, etc).
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Resource cost

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Value of lost opportunities due to the choice of the resource allocation to an activity rather than to another when the resource is scarce. This is the difference in benefits between the alternative that generates the greatest benefits and the alternative chosen.
Source
According to François Etner (economist)

Payment card

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A card proposed to surveyed people (in contingent valuation) giving several contribution amounts and on which they simply tick off the desired amount.
Source
According to Nathan

Willingness to pay

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Amount that the surveyed people are willing to pay to avoid the degradation of an environmental good or for its improvement. Willingness to pay (WTP) is an expression in Euros of the difference in wellbeing (or satisfaction) associated with the deterioration / improvement of the environment.
Source
According to Patrice Dumas (economist)

Consent to receive

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Amount that the surveyed people are willing to accept to leave their environment deteriorating.
Source
According to Patrice Dumas (economist)

Fixed capital consumption

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Depreciation of fixed assets incurred during the given period as a result of normal wear and tear and foreseeable disuse. Note: obsolescence is the loss in value caused by a reduction in the level of desirability and usefulness of goods due to their outmode design and construction.
Source
According to Treasury Board of Canada

Transaction cost

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Cost of an economic exchange, specifically a market transaction. It can be direct (exchange commission) or indirect (cost of exploration, time passed and efforts made to negotiate and check the transaction, etc).
Source
According to Ronald Coase (economist)