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Self-maintaining service

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Service necessary for producing all the other services (regulation, supply, cultural services), their disturbance only affecting man indirectly or in the long term.
Source
According to Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA)

Benefit-transfer method

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Method using the results of existing similar studies to estimate the value of an environmental good.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Infrastructure-asset management of public water and sanitation services

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens technique

The ability of a manager of a public water supply and sanitation service to know his technical assets (drinking water production plants, reservoirs, network systems, connections, etc), to plan the best investments, to provide the financial resources needed for the rehabilitation and replacement of structures and respond efficiently to his heritage, is at the core of the analysis of the economic sustainability of water services. Patrimonial management (property management, asset management) is a process whereby a public water utility can direct, control and optimize the supply, maintenance and decommissioning of assets related to infrastructure, including costs for specified performance during their life cycle.

Source
According to AFB, AgroParisTech and ASTEE

Public water supply and sanitation services

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens technique

Municipal public utility in charge of conveying drinking water to the consumer's tap and collecting and treating wastewater and stormwater before returning them to the natural environment. The 30,000 French public water supply and sanitation services are also in charge of the relations with the consumer: information, demand management, billing, etc. The "drinking water supply" service includes the abstraction of water from the natural environment, its potabilization and supply. The "sanitation" service includes the collection, conveyance and treatment of wastewater and the disposal or reuse of sludge…

Source
According to the Ministries of the Environment and Health and AFB

Water saving

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All the actions taken to control wastage of water, from its abstraction up to its use. One of the goals of water saving is efficient water use.
Source
according to the Rhone-Mediterranean and Corsica Water Agency

Water economy

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
A branch of the economy that theoretically deals with the relations between human societies and water, especially in economic policies relating to water, its consumption, use and pricing.
Source
according to the Ministry of Ecology

Eco-tax

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Tax levied on a product, a service or an activity that is likely to be harmful to the environment.
Source
according to the services of the Prime Minister

Socioeconomics of water

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Discipline studying water management from the combined economic and sociological points of view. The socioeconomics of water contributes to identify priority issues concerning water and aquatic environments as well as their prioritisation with regard to the development of the local economy and the environmental realities of the area concerned.
Source
according to the Loire-Brittany Water Agency

Socioeconomics of the environment

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Discipline studying environmental management taking into account phenomena and economic and sociological facts.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Waterways transport

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Mode of transporting goods or people through the national and international waterways networks.
Source
according to the National Chamber of Inland Navigation

Maritime transport/shipping

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Mode of transporting goods or people by sea for the most part.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Fee

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Payment, made in exchange for an operation right, or for the right to use a service. The French Water Agencies collect fees from all users of water in response to the impact of their activities on aquatic environments. These charges, based on the "polluter pays" principle is also a financial resource dedicated to the preservation of water resources and aquatic environments. The fee rate calculation is performed annually by the River Basin committee, under control of the law.

Source
according to Rhône-Méditerranée & Corse Water Agency

Charges/fees for sanitation

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by the users connected to a collective sanitation system, on their water bill. Users of an on-site sanitation facility must pay a special fee to finance the public on-site sanitation service costs.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment and Water Agencies

Charges/fees for obstacle on rivers

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount due by any owner of a structure that constitutes a continuous obstacle between the two banks of a watercourse (except for structures forming part of hydroelectric installations subject to the fee for water resource abstraction, or where the height difference is less than 5 m, or located on rivers whose average interannual flow is less than 0.3 m3/s at the right of the obstacle).
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment, the Court of Auditors and Water Agencies

Charges/fees for pollution from domestic sources

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by all inhabitants of a community according to their water consumption. The individual actions of each inhabitant to reduce his own consumption (wastage control, leak detection...) may directly lower the amounts paid.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Charges/fees for pollution from non-domestic sources

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by the industrialists according to the volume of the discharged pollution. This fee aims to encourage companies and manufacturers to reduce their discharges. The charge rates are set according to the pollutant elements and can be modulated by zone, to take into account the status of the natural environment.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Charges/fees for non-point source pollution

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by producers of plant protection products. This fee takes into account the level of toxicity and dangerousness of substances used in agricultural and gardening activities. It encourages users to choose less polluting products.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Charges/fees for water abstraction/withdrawal

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money due for water withdrawals, regardless of the user (municipality, industry, farmer) according to specific thresholds. This fee usually has two components: one based on the amount of water withdrawn, the other on the amount of water consumed (i.e. taken and not returned to the natural environment).
Source
according to the Water Agencies and Court of Auditors

Charges/fees for the protection of aquatic environments

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by fishermen at the issuing of the fishing license. It is levied by the departmental or interdepartmental federations of approved associations for fishing and the protection of aquatic environments, from approved associations of amateur fishermen with gear and nets and from approved associations of professional fishing in freshwater.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Charges/fees for water storage during low-water periods

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Amount of money paid by people who store all or part of the volume flowing into a river during low water periods (provided that the capacity of the facility is greater than one million cubic meters). The amount of this fee depends on a rate and a basis, the latter being the volume of water stored during the low water period. The period and the rate are defined by the river basin authorities, according to the hydrological regime of the river.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Circular economy

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun
Organisation of economic and social activities using production, consumption and exchange methods based on eco-design, repair, re-use and recycling, with a view to reducing the volume of the resources used and the damage caused to the environment.
Source
according to the services of the Prime Minister
Sens technique
Economic concept that fits into the framework of sustainable development and whose objective is to produce goods and services while limiting the consumption and wastage of raw materials, water and energy sources. It means using a new economy, which is circular and no longer linear, based on the principle of "closing the life cycle" of products, services, waste, materials, water and energy.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment

Up-dating/up-grading

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
A mathematical operation that compares economic values spreading over time by adjusting the future value of a property to the current value. The update allows the analysis to take into account the costs or benefits that will materialize in the future. Note: The choice of an up-date rate (coefficient used to bring a future value back to a present value) has an influence on the result. In 2005, the General Planning Commission proposed revising the up-dating rate of public investments.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and IOWater

Economic analysis

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Use of analytical methods and economic instruments to help define water management policies under the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Indeed, the goal is to use the economy at several strong points of the WFD implementation: helping achieve environmental objectives - incentive overall price; at the assessment stage, to assess the economic importance of water uses in the district and…

Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Cost-benefit analysis

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Analysis comparing the benefits to all the costs of a given project and of its alternatives, including the impacts that are not submitted to monetary flows (often regarding the environment). The "Cost-Benefit" analysis is a decision-making supporting tool providing objective evidence to the debate. Depending on the value of the benefit/cost ratio, the evaluated project is deemed profitable or not.
Source
According to OECD

Water-related activity

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Economic activity that uses water and services related to water use.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and IOWater