Rechercher un terme


Affichage des termes 1 à 18 sur un total de 18

Landscape integration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Landscaping (choice of colours, materials and architecture, planting of trees and flowerbeds for example) to integrate buildings and constructions in their environment.
Source
according to the Ardennes Chamber of Agriculture

Inland waterway

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A harnessed river or canal open to traffic and waterways transport.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Public water management and development agency

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Group of local authorities in charge of the local management project and of the territorial water coordination, at the watershed scale. The Public water management and development agency has to ensure flood prevention as well as non-state-owned rivers management.

Source
according to Legifrance

Berm

Updated on 19/08/2019
Définition
Sens commun

In the context of public works: development of a slope at the foot of an hydraulic structure to protect it.

In the context of flood risk reduction: development that consists of a medium-full bed in order to increase the capacity of a watercourse and to reduce water levels during flooding.

Source
according to Syndicat Mixte Lot Dourdou

Nature based Solutions (NbS)

Updated on 21/09/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Les Solutions fondées sur la Nature (SfN) sont les actions qui s’appuient sur les écosystèmes afin de relever les défis globaux comme la lutte contre les changements climatiques, la gestion des risques naturels (inondations, sécheresse, submersion marine), la santé, l’accès à l’eau, la sécurité alimentaire…

Les SfN visent à protéger, restaurer et gérer de manière durable les écosystèmes : la préservation des forêts, les rivières en bon état, la restauration et  le fonctionnement des zones humides, tout concourt à agir au plus près du terrain (actions locales pour un objectif global). Il est impératif que la société adopte une combinaison de solutions inspirées par la  nature, dérivées de la nature et fondées sur la nature : Il s'agit bien d'intérêt mutuel. La nature y gagne, et les territoires qui prennent ainsi soin des cycles naturels, du bon état des milieux ont aussi tout à y gagner.

En effet, des écosystèmes sains, résilients, fonctionnels et diversifiés fournissent de nombreux services écosystémiques et permettent donc le développement de solutions au bénéfice de nos sociétés et de la biodiversité, dans le cadre des changements globaux.

Source
d'après UICN, FNE

Brown infrastructure (soil)

Updated on 30/10/2020
Définition
Sens technique

Expression inventée sur le modèle de la Trame Verte et Bleue, appliquée à la continuité écologique des sols. Largement ignorés pendant de nombreuses années, ces derniers sont pourtant essentiels au fonctionnement des écosystèmes. Ce terme désigne le réseau écologique en profondeur, à préserver et restaurer.

Source
d'après Bureau d'études Lichen conseil en éco-urbanisme

Artificialization of soils

Updated on 14/06/2021
Définition
Sens commun

Transformation d'un sol à caractère naturel ou agricole par des actions d’aménagement, pouvant entraîner son imperméabilisation totale ou partielle.

 

 

Source
d'après Ministère en charge de l'environnement, OFB et PLanete-info
Sens technique

Phénomène qui consiste à transformer un sol naturel, agricole ou forestier, par des opérations d’aménagement pouvant entraîner une imperméabilisation partielle ou totale, afin de les affecter notamment à des fonctions urbaines ou de transport (habitat, activités, commerces, infrastructures, équipements publics…). En France comme dans d’autres pays, du fait de l'étalement de notre urbanisation et de nos infrastructures, l'artificialisation des sols augmente.

Cette réduction est préjudiciable à la biodiversité, au climat et à la vie terrestre en général : Accélération de la perte de biodiversité ; Réchauffement climatique ; Amplification des risques d'inondations ; perte de productivité agricole ; Accroissement des dépenses liées aux réseaux (routes, électricité, assainissement) ; Ajout d’autre nuisance à la biodiversité (nuisance…

Source
d'après Ministère en charge de l'environnement et OFB

Master plan for urban planning and development

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Planning document with a regulatory purpose setting out basic guidelines for an agglomeration and harmonizing State programmes as well as those of local authorities, public institutions and services. The master plan for urban planning and development (SDAU) is thus a coherent framework for action for urban planning and the restructuring of urban areas. In the Urban Planning Code, the expression "the Master Plan for Urban Planning and Development" was replaced by the "Master plan".
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Buffer zone

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Strip of land between cultivated areas and a natural habitat, arranged to limit the effects of agriculture on this habitat (e.g. an area developed on the banks of a river to protect the riverine habitat and limit inputs of soil, nutrients and pesticides into the waterways).
Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Salt marsh

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Coastal area used for producing sea salt by natural evaporation.
Source
According to the International Hydrographic Organization

Flood warning

Updated on 08/04/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Warning issued in advance by the departmental flood forecasting services. In the event of heavy rainfall or hydrological alert, a flood warning is sent to the Prefect, who then alerts the mayors of the catchment areas concerned.

Source
according to OFB
Sens technique

Warning issued in advance by a special state service (flood forecasting service). In the event of a rainfall or hydrological alert (triggering when thresholds are exceeded), the flood forecasting service offers the Prefect the alert of the mayors of the watersheds concerned. As a severe overflow flood, the flood warning service broadcasts, for prefects and mayors, hydrological situation bulletins and information on the evolution of water levels . In 1994, 54 flood warning services monitored 16,000 km of waterways in France using automated measurement networks.

Source
According to Ministry of the Environment and OFB

Analysis

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens technique

Methodical review allowing both to identify and quantify the different components of water, but also to evaluate its characteristics and state, according to specific criteria. This review is based on the following of specific protocols adapted to the various controlled parameters.

Source
according to IOWater

Physico-chemical

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Physical and chemical characteristics of water. Inside a water analysis, the observed parameters are quite numerous, and all of these allow to determine the physical-chemical water quality, which determines the maintenance of river biodiversity. These parameters could be for example, temperature, turbidity, concentration of organic matter, mineral, nitrogen, etc.

Source
according to the Ministry of Environment

Hydrometric station

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Measuring station at which data on water in rivers, bodies of water or reservoirs are obtained on one or more of the following elements: water depth, flow rate, sediment transport and deposit, water temperature and other physical properties of water, characteristics of ice cover and chemical properties of water.
Source
According to BRGM

Quality element

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Partial view of the water status, which gives rise to control operations, the results of which are used by an assessment to determine quality indicators. The quality element is described by a parameter or set of parameters (parameter group). The list of quality elements is defined in Annex 5 of the

Source
According to AFB

Control operation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

All on-site measurements, samples and/or analyses, which are performed at a control point for a specified period, in accordance with a control protocol, for assessing a quality element and producing observation data.

Source
According to AFB

Parameter

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Property of a medium or part of it which helps to assess its characteristics and/or quality and/or fitness to some uses. The parameter can firstly be of two types: quantitative and qualitative, and secondly of five kinds: physical, chemical, environmental, microbiological and hydrobiological.
Source
According to AFB

Sample

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

In the strict sense, it is taking a sample (sampling) for analysis or testing. More generally, water withdrawals include all abstractions related to activities generated by agriculture, industry (including energy), drinking water supply, or others (authorized spring of mineral water, production of artificial snow). In this case, the withdrawals are grouped into 3 subtypes corresponding to the affected environment: surface water withdrawals, groundwater abstractions, seawater withdrawals.

Source
According to AFB and IOWater