Rechercher un terme


Affichage des termes 1 à 25 sur un total de 254

Water abstraction

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Extraction of fresh water from a groundwater source or surface, permanently or temporarily, and conveyed to the place of use. Water abstractions include all activities related levies generated by agriculture, industry (including energy), the supply of drinking water, or other (mineral spring authorized, production artificial snow).

Source
according to AFB, IOWater, SOeS and OCDE

Discharge standard

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Value constituting a legal reference that cannot be exceeded during a discharge into to the environment.
Source
according to Downstream Seine Interdepartmental Water Syndicate

Risk of not achieving good status

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Risk that, in 2015, the water bodies of a given area will not achieve the objectives set by the Water Framework Directive (WFD).
Source
according to the Artois-Picardy Water Agency

Area with environmental restrictions

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Regulatory system resulting from the law on water and aquatic environments of 30 December 2006, intended to implement action plans for the protection of zones with environmental stakes, especially in aquatic environments (areas of drinking water intakes, wetlands, areas prone to soil erosion).
Source
according to BRGM and AFB

Good environmental status of marine waters (BEE)

Updated on 06/01/2021
Définition
Sens technique

Bon fonctionnement des écosystèmes (au niveau biologique, physique, chimique et sanitaire) permettant un usage durable du milieu marin. Onze descripteurs qualitatifs (annexe 1 de la DCSMM), communs à tous les États membres de l'Union européenne, servent à définir le bon état écologique : Biodiversité ; Espèces non indigènes ; Espèces commerciales ; Réseaux trophiques ; Eutrophisation ; Intégrité des fonds marins ; changements hydrographiques ; Contaminants ; Questions sanitaires ; Déchets marins ; Bruit sous-marin.

 

 

 

 

Source
D'après OFB

Directive establishing a framework for maritime spatial planning (DCPEM)

Updated on 12/01/2021
Définition
Sens réglementaire

Directive établissant un cadre pour la planification de l’espace maritime dans le but de promouvoir la croissance durable des économies maritimes, le développement durable des espaces maritimes et l’utilisation durable des ressources marines.(JOUE n° L 257 du 28 août 2014).

Au sein de la politique maritime intégrée de l’Union, ce cadre prévoit l’établissement et la mise en œuvre par les Etats membres de la planification de l’espace maritime dans le but de contribuer aux objectifs décrits à l’article 5, en tenant compte des interactions terre-mer et d’une coopération transfrontière améliorée, conformément aux dispositions pertinentes de la CNUDM (Convention des Nations unies sur le droit de la mer).

 

Source
d'après Eur-lex et Ineris

Economic analysis

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Use of analytical methods and economic instruments to help define water management policies under the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Indeed, the goal is to use the economy at several strong points of the WFD implementation: helping achieve environmental objectives - incentive overall price; at the assessment stage, to assess the economic importance of water uses in the district and…

Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Disproportionate cost

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Refers to costs that justify derogation from the obligations imposed by the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC. The disproportionate costs are legitimized by the impact of the cost of work on water prices and economic activity, as compared to the economic value of environmental benefits and other expected advantages. The disproportion is considered on a case by case basis using criteria such as: the financial resources available in the
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Environmental cost

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Cost of damage to the environment and ecosystems and also indirectly to those who use them: degradation of the quality of water and soil, treatment costs for additional purification of drinking water imposed on communities, etc. Under the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC, we are interested in damage caused by water uses (withdrawals, discharges, developments, etc).
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

External cost

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Costs incurred by an activity at the expense of another activity, of an environment, etc, and uncompensated or not supported by those who generate them. Under the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC, we are interested in external environmental costs of services related to water use and more generally water-related activities (withdrawals, discharges, developments, etc); e.g. the costs of exploration and exploitation of new resources due to the pollution of previously exploited groundwater are actually and ultimately supported by the subscribers to drinking water supply services on the price per cubic metre. One of the great practices of environmental economy is to reintegrate externalities into market exchange, externalities are internalized. In other words, environmental degradation (pollution, overexploitation, etc) is included into the prices that otherwise is ignored.
Source
According to Patrice Dumas (economist)

Additional monitoring

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Control of surface waters, as part of the water status monitoring programme, listed in the Register of protected areas : intakes of drinking water intended for human consumption (more than 100 m3/day on the average), water bodies of species habitat and protection areas (which are included in the operational monitoring programme when they may not meet their environmental goals).

Source
According to AFB

Investigative monitoring

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Control, as part of the water status monitoring programme, designed to look for the pressure which causes an observed degradation. It is carried out when the reasons for any significant alteration of the environment are unknown, to determine the causes for a water body not meeting the environmental objectives (when operational control has not yet been established), or for monitoring

Source
According to AFB

Surveillance monitoring

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Control aiming to assess, as part of the water status monitoring programme, the overall status of water and (long-term) evolution trends of the river basin, these changes being either natural or caused by human activities.

Source
According to AFB

Operational monitoring

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Control to establish, as part of the water status monitoring programme, the status of water bodies which are not fully guaranteed to achieve their environmental objectives, and assess the effectiveness of programmes of measures on them.

Source
According to AFB

Transitional waters

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Surface waters located in the vicinity of river mouths, which are partly saline because of their proximity to littoral waters but which are substantially influenced by freshwater inflows.

Source
According to AFB

Groundwater

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All waters beneath the surface of the ground in direct contact with the soil or subsoil and which pass sooner or later (day, month, year, century, millennium) through cracks and pores of the soil into saturated or unsaturated medium.
Source
According to AFB

Quality element

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Partial view of the water status, which gives rise to control operations, the results of which are used by an assessment to determine quality indicators. The quality element is described by a parameter or set of parameters (parameter group). The list of quality elements is defined in Annex 5 of the

Source
According to AFB

Control operation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

All on-site measurements, samples and/or analyses, which are performed at a control point for a specified period, in accordance with a control protocol, for assessing a quality element and producing observation data.

Source
According to AFB

Assessment process

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Implementation of a sequence of operations for assessing the status of water qualify on an assessment site according to one or more quality elements over a given period and in accordance with a given assessment profile.
Source
According to AFB

Monitoring Programme

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

All provisions (location of monitoring sites, monitored quality elements, controlled parameters or groups of parameters, control frequencies, monitoring methods, etc) related to the monitoring of water status in a basin or group of basins under the Water Framework Directive, in order to establish a coherent and comprehensive picture of the status of these waters. This programme includes: (i) quantitative monitoring of rivers and water bodies; (ii) monitoring of the ecological status, chemical status and

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Ecoregion

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Geographical entity having homogenous geological, climatic and topographic characteristics, and therefore an assumed homogeneity of the ecological functioning. Conventionally used for terrestrial ecosystems and for understanding vegetation associations, ecoregions can be applied to aquatic ecosystems, this is called freshwater ecoregion.
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

Sanitation regulations

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Guidance and arbitration tool prepared by the municipality, which defines the conditions for connecting users to the sewerage system and the existing -or to be established- relations between the operator of this utility and domestic and industrial users. For non-domestic connections, the limit values of flows and acceptable concentrations of compounds, the list of undesirable compounds, the appraisal process, etc, are determined.
Source
According to ADEME