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Environmental audit

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Management instrument including a systematic, documented, periodic and objective assessment of the effectiveness of the organisation, management system and procedures in terms of environmental impact. An environmental audit can be carried out without a reference system, with a diagnostic purpose, or with a reference system, in order to check compliance with rules or standards.
Source
according to Cogiterra

Ecological engineering

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Carrying out projects that, in their implementation and monitoring, apply the principles of ecological engineering and enable the resilience of ecosystems. Ecological engineering allows recovering natural environments, restoring degraded environments and optimising the functions provided by ecosystems.
Source
according to CELF

Marine Environment Action Plan (PAMM)

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Planning document aiming to achieve the good ecological status of marine waters, adopted under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Each PAMM focuses on a marine sub region, a sea space that is homogeneous in terms of ecological functioning. It consists of five elements, reviewed every six years: initial assessment of the status of the marine sub-region, definition of the good ecological status to be achieved, environmental objectives to achieve good ecological status, monitoring programme for assessing the status of marine waters, a programme of measures including the actions to be implemented to meet the environmental objectives and thus achieve good ecological status. Adopted by the Coordinating Prefects of the Marine Sub-Regions, the PAMMs, during their implementation process, organise a consultation with the stakeholders of the maritime and coastal world, through the maritime councils of the sub-regions (CMF), as well as a public consultation. In metropolitan France, four sub-regions are covered by a PAMM: the Channel-North Sea, Celtic Seas, Bay of Biscay and the Mediterranean Sea.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment and IOWater

Directive establishing a framework for maritime spatial planning (DCPEM)

Updated on 12/01/2021
Définition
Sens réglementaire

Directive établissant un cadre pour la planification de l’espace maritime dans le but de promouvoir la croissance durable des économies maritimes, le développement durable des espaces maritimes et l’utilisation durable des ressources marines.(JOUE n° L 257 du 28 août 2014).

Au sein de la politique maritime intégrée de l’Union, ce cadre prévoit l’établissement et la mise en œuvre par les Etats membres de la planification de l’espace maritime dans le but de contribuer aux objectifs décrits à l’article 5, en tenant compte des interactions terre-mer et d’une coopération transfrontière améliorée, conformément aux dispositions pertinentes de la CNUDM (Convention des Nations unies sur le droit de la mer).

 

Source
d'après Eur-lex et Ineris

Integrated Maritime Policy (PMI)

Updated on 12/01/2021
Définition
Sens réglementaire

Politique de l’Union dont l’objectif est de favoriser une prise de décision coordonnée et cohérente pour optimiser le développement durable, la croissance économique et la cohésion sociale des États membres, notamment des régions côtières, insulaires et ultrapériphériques de l’Union, ainsi que des secteurs maritimes, grâce à des politiques cohérentes dans le domaine maritime et à la coopération internationale en la matière. (cf. Directive cadre pour la planification de l'espace maritime -DCPEM)

Source
d'après Eur-lex

Monitoring Programme

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

All provisions (location of monitoring sites, monitored quality elements, controlled parameters or groups of parameters, control frequencies, monitoring methods, etc) related to the monitoring of water status in a basin or group of basins under the Water Framework Directive, in order to establish a coherent and comprehensive picture of the status of these waters. This programme includes: (i) quantitative monitoring of rivers and water bodies; (ii) monitoring of the ecological status, chemical status and

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Abstraction protection zone

Updated on 18/03/2020
Définition
Sens commun

All the sectors of the catchment area most vulnerable to diffuse pollution. It corresponds to a realistic intervention scale to improve the quality of water at the catchment. Depending on the type of catchment and its environment, there may be one or more distinct zones.

Source
According to MEDDE
Sens technique

Area identified by the intersection of the cartographic zoning of intrinsic vulnerability and the zoning of agricultural pressures developed following technical-economic studies focused on risk assessment. The catchment area protection area is identified as part of the definition of action programs on catchment areas. This is an optional process leading to the identification of an area subject to environmental constraints (ZSCE), the protection area of ​​the catchment area. The founding regulatory text of the catchment area protection zone is the departmental decree delimiting this same zone.

Source
According to SANDRE

Flood-prone areas plan

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Document that establishes a public easement affecting land use. It allows the administration to oppose any action or work likely to impede the free flow of water or the conservation or floodplains.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Public participation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Approach, planned by the Water Framework Directive (WFD), for the public involvement in its implementation process. For each basin or group of basins, it includes public consultations carried out over six months on: the timetable and work programme for the preparation or updating of the river basin management plan (SDAGE); the provisional summary of important issues, as well as the planned SDAGEs and

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Management plan

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Planning document established in each district (or basin or group of basins), as required by the Water Framework Directive (WFD), which sets out environmental objectives to be achieved, particularly with regard to the ecological status and chemical status of surface water bodies as well as the quantitative status and chemical status of groundwater bodies. In France, the river basin management plan (SDAGE) includes the management plan required by the WFD. The SDAGEs were updated in late 2009 to incorporate the requirements of the Water Framework Directive. The…

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Programme of measures

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Document prepared for the basin or group of basins and for the duration of a six-year management cycle (2010-2015, 2016-2021, 2022-2027, etc), which identifies the key measures to be implemented for achieving the objectives defined in the river basin management plan (SDAGE), including the environmental objectives of the

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

River basin management plan

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Planning document for water management, established for each basin or group of basins, which sets out basic guidelines to achieve sound and sustainable water resources management, determines the objectives for water bodies and plans the necessary provisions to achieve the environmental objectives, to prevent the deterioration of water status and give fundamental orientations. The SDAGEs, approved for the first time in 1996 under the Water Act of 1992, have been updated in late 2009 to meet the requirements of the Water Framework Directive (WFD). They now include management plans under this Directive. The SDAGE is developed and adopted by the

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Environmental contract

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Technical and financial agreement between partners for comprehensive, joint and sustainable management on the scale of a coherent hydrographic unit (usually a river, lake, bay or aquifer). With the sub-basin management plan (SAGE), the

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Basin

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
The largest French hydrographic area for water planning and management. The Master Plan for Water Development and Management (SDAGE) and its programme of measures are drafted on the scale of a basin or group of basins. The major stakeholders in water management which are basin committees, basin coordinator prefects, basin delegations and the water agencies operate on this scale. There are fourteen basins or groups of basins in France.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Water Board

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

A Local public institution located overseas, similar to the water agencies in continental France, which is responsible for facilitating the various activities of common interest in the management of water and aquatic environments to help achieving the objectives of the river basin management plans (SDAGEs). There is currently a water board in the Reunion, Martinique, Guadeloupe and Guyana. Since Mayotte became a Department, there are thoughts of creating a water board.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Flood warning

Updated on 08/04/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Warning issued in advance by the departmental flood forecasting services. In the event of heavy rainfall or hydrological alert, a flood warning is sent to the Prefect, who then alerts the mayors of the catchment areas concerned.

Source
according to OFB
Sens technique

Warning issued in advance by a special state service (flood forecasting service). In the event of a rainfall or hydrological alert (triggering when thresholds are exceeded), the flood forecasting service offers the Prefect the alert of the mayors of the watersheds concerned. As a severe overflow flood, the flood warning service broadcasts, for prefects and mayors, hydrological situation bulletins and information on the evolution of water levels . In 1994, 54 flood warning services monitored 16,000 km of waterways in France using automated measurement networks.

Source
According to Ministry of the Environment and OFB

Dam release

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Operation to lower water level and increase outflow rates to discharge some of the sediment retained by a dam. A dam release consists in opening the gates, thus limiting the silting of the dam reservoir and the risk of flooding. This operation, although common in the management of harnessed rivers, can have adverse effects on the downstream environment (decrease of oxygen levels in water, obstruction of fish gills by suspended solids, etc.).
Source
according to ISTREA

Hydraulic equipment

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Equipment or infrastructure used for the abstraction, storage, treatment, conveying or transfer of water.
Source
according to the Corsican Hydraulic Equipment Office

Public river-basin territorial agency

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Group of local authorities established, at a watershed or a group of sub-watersheds scale, in order to facilitate the flood prevention, the defense against the sea, the management of water resources, and the preservation and management of wetlands. When a Sub-basin Management Plan has been set up, the Public river-basin territorial agency contributes to its monitoring and development. It ensures also the consistency of the management project of the Public water management and development agency.

Source
according to Legifrance

Macrophyte biological index for rivers

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Index assessing the biological status of rivers based on macrophytes. Applicable to the inland parts of rivers, it essentially reflects the degree of tropism (feeding process of plant organs and tissues) related to ammonium and orthophosphate contents, as well as the most obvious organic pollution.
Source
according to the Regional Directorate for the Environment, Planning and Housing (DREAL) of the Loire reg

Landscape integration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Landscaping (choice of colours, materials and architecture, planting of trees and flowerbeds for example) to integrate buildings and constructions in their environment.
Source
according to the Ardennes Chamber of Agriculture

Metrology

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Science that measures parameters with sensors. Metrology measures, for example, the speed of marine currents or the chemistry of water.
Source
according to IFREMER

Electric fishing

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Method used to evaluate the abundance of fish species in a portion of a stream and to precise the different populations. It consists in the creation of an electric current which attracts fish. Then, paralyzed by electricity, they rise to the surface, which helps their identification and counts. After a little while, fish are free to circulate in the stream again.

Source
According to Wikipedia et Val-de-Meurthe municipality communities