Any live specimen of a species, subspecies or lower taxon of animals, plants, fungi or micro- organisms introduced outside its natural range; it includes any part, gametes, seeds, eggs or propagules of such species, as well as any hybrids, varieties or breeds that might survive and subsequently reproduce.
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A species that is indigenous or non-native to a given territory, proliferates and extends its range due to an increase in population density.
Bon fonctionnement des écosystèmes (au niveau biologique, physique, chimique et sanitaire) permettant un usage durable du milieu marin. Onze descripteurs qualitatifs (annexe 1 de la DCSMM), communs à tous les États membres de l'Union européenne, servent à définir le bon état écologique : Biodiversité ; Espèces non indigènes ; Espèces commerciales ; Réseaux trophiques ; Eutrophisation ; Intégrité des fonds marins ; changements hydrographiques ; Contaminants ; Questions sanitaires ; Déchets marins ; Bruit sous-marin.
Exotic species whose introduction by humans, voluntary or fortuitous, on a territory threatens ecosystems, natural habitats or native species with negative ecological, economic and health consequences.
Species, subspecies or lower rank taxon, introduced outside its natural range, past or present. Introduction or spread threatens biodiversity. The definition includes all parts, seeds, eggs or propagules of species of this type that could survive and reproduce.
According to the European regulation n ° 1143/2014, "an exotic species whose introduction or propagation proves to constitute a threat for the biodiversity and the associated ecosystem services, or to have harmful effects on the biodiversity and the said services".
Extraction of fresh water from a groundwater source or surface, permanently or temporarily, and conveyed to the place of use. Water abstractions include all activities related levies generated by agriculture, industry (including energy), the supply of drinking water, or other (mineral spring authorized, production artificial snow).
Area on which the water that soaks into the ground supplies the abstraction for drinking water.
Warning issued in advance by the departmental flood forecasting services. In the event of heavy rainfall or hydrological alert, a flood warning is sent to the Prefect, who then alerts the mayors of the catchment areas concerned.
Warning issued in advance by a special state service (flood forecasting service). In the event of a rainfall or hydrological alert (triggering when thresholds are exceeded), the flood forecasting service offers the Prefect the alert of the mayors of the watersheds concerned. As a severe overflow flood, the flood warning service broadcasts, for prefects and mayors, hydrological situation bulletins and information on the evolution of water levels . In 1994, 54 flood warning services monitored 16,000 km of waterways in France using automated measurement networks.