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Water abstraction

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Extraction of fresh water from a groundwater source or surface, permanently or temporarily, and conveyed to the place of use. Water abstractions include all activities related levies generated by agriculture, industry (including energy), the supply of drinking water, or other (mineral spring authorized, production artificial snow).

Source
according to AFB, IOWater, SOeS and OCDE

Anthropization

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Conversion of a natural environment by human action. River development is an example of anthropization.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Water pollution

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Pollution of water degrading its intrinsic qualities, disrupting aquatic life and making its use dangerous for human beings and animals. This contamination results from the presence of pollutants in sufficient quantity to be harmful.
Source
according to ADEME

Landscape restoration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Restructuring of an artificialised area, possibly a fallow land, in order to make it practicable and attractive for residents while integrating it into the landscape.
Source
according to ONF

Alien species

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Any live specimen of a species, subspecies or lower taxon of animals, plants, fungi or micro- organisms introduced outside its natural range; it includes any part, gametes, seeds, eggs or propagules of such species, as well as any hybrids, varieties or breeds that might survive and subsequently reproduce.

Source
according to to European Commission

Macropollutants

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

All the suspended material in water, organic matter or nutrients, such as nitrogen or phosphate. They may occur naturally in water but their concentration increases with human activities (wastewater discharge, agriculture...). In contrast to micropollutants, which are toxic even at low concentration, macropolluants requires higher content to cause bad effects.

Source
According to SOeS

Acclimatised species

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun
Species that has managed to settle permanently in a geographical area that is not its own.
Source
according to MNHN

Ballast water

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun
Water contained in large tanks that can correct the trim of the boat and its balance. Ballast water is a problem during the emptying of the tank (deballasting) because species living in one part of the world are released into another zone, creating ecological disturbances. With the growth of international trade, and especially transoceanic maritime transport, problems arise because of this contribution of living organisms foreign to the local environment. Now, biological and chemical treatment systems must treat these volumes of water to limit the exchange of invasive species.
Source
according to ASTEE

Artificialisation

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Moving an environment or landscape from a relatively natural status to a man-made status.
Source
according to IFREMER

Vulnerable species

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Species whose entry into the category of endangered species is considered likely in the near future in case of persistent factors that are the cause of the threat.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Safe making

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Action to eliminate or reduce an immediate risk to an acceptable level (e.g. through removal or disposal of hazardous products and wastes from a site, by prohibiting or limiting access to the site, or by eliminating the risks of fire and explosion, etc).
Source
According to BRGM

Determining species

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Qualifies endangered, vulnerable, rare or remarkable species that meet the rankings established by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) or extracted from red books published nationally or regionally, but also nationally or regionally protected species, or subject to European or international regulations when they are of a real interest to national or regional heritage, as well as species that do not benefit from the protected status or are not included in red lists, but under specific ecological or biogeographical conditions, at a limit of an area or whose
Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Endangered species

Updated on 27/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Refers to a taxon when the best available evidence indicates that it faces a "very high" risk of extinction in the wild.

Source
d'après Conseil régional de Poitou-Charentes

Critically endangered species

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Refers to a taxa when the best available data indicate that it is facing a "extremely high" risk of extinction in the wild.

Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Habitat of community interest

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Endangered habitat or having a reduced range or constituting a remarkable example of characteristics specific to one or more of the biogeographical areas listed in Annex 1 of the habitats directive and for which some special areas of conservation (SACs) must be designated.

Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Priority habitat

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Endangered habitat on the European territory of the Member States and for the conservation of which the EU has special responsibility. Priority habitats are indicated by an asterisk in Annexes I and II of the Habitats Directive.
Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Species

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All individuals which share similar morphological and physiological hereditary characteristics and are able to breed individuals among themselves. Species that look alike but unable to breed among themselves belong to the same genus.
Source
According to Ifremer

Invasive alien specy

Updated on 07/03/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Exotic species whose introduction by humans, voluntary or fortuitous, on a territory threatens ecosystems, natural habitats or native species with negative ecological, economic and health consequences.

Source
According to french Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition
Sens technique

Species, subspecies or lower rank taxon, introduced outside its natural range, past or present. Introduction or spread threatens biodiversity. The definition includes all parts, seeds, eggs or propagules of species of this type that could survive and reproduce.

Source
According to french national museum of natural history
Sens réglementaire

According to the European regulation n ° 1143/2014, "an exotic species whose introduction or propagation proves to constitute a threat for the biodiversity and the associated ecosystem services, or to have harmful effects on the biodiversity and the said services".

Source
According to European Parliament and Council

Revitalization of an environment

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Action to rehabilitate a more or less artificialized environment to its original and natural status. By trying to rehabilitate all the physical characteristics of the environment (e.g. meanders recovered in an improved river), revitalization aims to recover all the initial potentials of the environment in terms of biological diversity, self-cleaning capacity, etc. Most ambitious than restoration, revitalization aims to globally recreate the ecological functioning and

Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency