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Water abstraction

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Extraction of fresh water from a groundwater source or surface, permanently or temporarily, and conveyed to the place of use. Water abstractions include all activities related levies generated by agriculture, industry (including energy), the supply of drinking water, or other (mineral spring authorized, production artificial snow).

Source
according to AFB, IOWater, SOeS and OCDE

Anthropization

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Conversion of a natural environment by human action. River development is an example of anthropization.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Water pollution

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Pollution of water degrading its intrinsic qualities, disrupting aquatic life and making its use dangerous for human beings and animals. This contamination results from the presence of pollutants in sufficient quantity to be harmful.
Source
according to ADEME

Landscape restoration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Restructuring of an artificialised area, possibly a fallow land, in order to make it practicable and attractive for residents while integrating it into the landscape.
Source
according to ONF

Alien species

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Any live specimen of a species, subspecies or lower taxon of animals, plants, fungi or micro- organisms introduced outside its natural range; it includes any part, gametes, seeds, eggs or propagules of such species, as well as any hybrids, varieties or breeds that might survive and subsequently reproduce.

Source
according to to European Commission

Macropollutants

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

All the suspended material in water, organic matter or nutrients, such as nitrogen or phosphate. They may occur naturally in water but their concentration increases with human activities (wastewater discharge, agriculture...). In contrast to micropollutants, which are toxic even at low concentration, macropolluants requires higher content to cause bad effects.

Source
According to SOeS

Acclimatised species

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun
Species that has managed to settle permanently in a geographical area that is not its own.
Source
according to MNHN

Ballast water

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun
Water contained in large tanks that can correct the trim of the boat and its balance. Ballast water is a problem during the emptying of the tank (deballasting) because species living in one part of the world are released into another zone, creating ecological disturbances. With the growth of international trade, and especially transoceanic maritime transport, problems arise because of this contribution of living organisms foreign to the local environment. Now, biological and chemical treatment systems must treat these volumes of water to limit the exchange of invasive species.
Source
according to ASTEE

Artificialisation

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Moving an environment or landscape from a relatively natural status to a man-made status.
Source
according to IFREMER

Denitrification

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Nitrate (NO3-) reduction to nitrogen gas (N2) by bacteria in anoxic conditions. An anoxic medium has no dissolved oxygen. This phenomenon is different from the consumption of nitrates by plants.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Vulnerable species

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Species whose entry into the category of endangered species is considered likely in the near future in case of persistent factors that are the cause of the threat.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Pressure

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
According to the DPSIR (Driving Forces - Pressures - State - Impacts - Responses) conceptual data model, the development of human activity which may affect aquatic environments. It may be discharges, water withdrawals, artificialization of aquatic environments, fish catches, etc.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Register of protected areas

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Register established on a river basin scale identifying areas designated as requiring special protection under the Community legislation in force: vulnerable areas ("nitrates" Directive), sensitive zones ("Urban Wastewater Treatment" Directive), areas designated under the "Natura 2000" directive, etc. The deadline for establishing the register of protected areas was December 2004. This register should then be regularly updated.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Waste

Updated on 05/03/2019
Définition
Sens réglementaire

In the meaning of the law of July 15, 1975, any residue resulting from a process of production, transformation or use, any substance, material, product or more generally any movable asset abandoned, or that its holder intends to abandon.

Source
d'après Agence de l'eau Rhône-Méditerranée et Corse

Dredging

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
According to the SDAGE and Order of 22 September 1994, this means removing alluvial deposits accumulated on the riverbed. Indeed, Article 11 of the Decree of 22 September 1994 provides that the extraction of materials in the riverbed of watercourses and bodies of water crossed by streams is prohibited. If extraction of alluvial materials is necessary for duly justified maintenance, or for the development of a watercourse or a
Source
According to Rhone-Mediterranean and Corsica Water Agency

River improvement

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Action on a river for recovering the entire bed and river banks of the watercourse to achieve the priority goal of increasing the hydraulic capacity of the targeted segment. This implies flow acceleration and therefore an increased flood

Source
According to Rhone-Mediterranean and Corsica Water Agency

Safe making

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Action to eliminate or reduce an immediate risk to an acceptable level (e.g. through removal or disposal of hazardous products and wastes from a site, by prohibiting or limiting access to the site, or by eliminating the risks of fire and explosion, etc).
Source
According to BRGM

Grassy buffer zone

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Grass strip bordering a plot, mainly located along rivers, which acts as a buffer zone by intercepting and filtering runoff water.

Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Determining species

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Qualifies endangered, vulnerable, rare or remarkable species that meet the rankings established by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) or extracted from red books published nationally or regionally, but also nationally or regionally protected species, or subject to European or international regulations when they are of a real interest to national or regional heritage, as well as species that do not benefit from the protected status or are not included in red lists, but under specific ecological or biogeographical conditions, at a limit of an area or whose
Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Species of community interest

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire

Endangered or vulnerable or rare or endemic species (i.e. living on a well-defined territory) listed either in Annex II of fauna and flora habitats directive, then special areas of conservation have to be designated, or in Annexes IV or V of the fauna and flora habitats directive, and for which protective measures must be implemented on the whole territory.

Source
According to MNHN

Endangered species

Updated on 27/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Refers to a taxon when the best available evidence indicates that it faces a "very high" risk of extinction in the wild.

Source
d'après Conseil régional de Poitou-Charentes

Critically endangered species

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Refers to a taxa when the best available data indicate that it is facing a "extremely high" risk of extinction in the wild.

Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Habitat of community interest

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Endangered habitat or having a reduced range or constituting a remarkable example of characteristics specific to one or more of the biogeographical areas listed in Annex 1 of the habitats directive and for which some special areas of conservation (SACs) must be designated.

Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council