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Public water supply and sanitation services

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens technique

Municipal public utility in charge of conveying drinking water to the consumer's tap and collecting and treating wastewater and stormwater before returning them to the natural environment. The 30,000 French public water supply and sanitation services are also in charge of the relations with the consumer: information, demand management, billing, etc. The "drinking water supply" service includes the abstraction of water from the natural environment, its potabilization and supply. The "sanitation" service includes the collection, conveyance and treatment of wastewater and the disposal or reuse of sludge…

Source
According to the Ministries of the Environment and Health and AFB

Drinking water supply system

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun
Part of the overall water supply system including pipes, tanks, pumping stations and other equipment through which water is supplied to users. This part begins at the exit of drinking water production plants and ends at the point of water delivery to the user. It does not include private pipes and accessories of buildings that bring water to the consumption points.
Source
According to the Ministries of the Environment and Health and AFB

Sanitation contract

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Multi-year contract signed by various stakeholders (a municipality, a wastewater treatment syndicate, a water agency, etc.) to specify the nature, cost and duration of the planned sanitation work to meet essential technical and financial development in the long term.
Source
according to the Mulhouse Multipurpose Syndicate

Treatment line

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Organised series of processes for the treatment of water intended for human consumption.
Source
according to AFB

Public drinking water fountain

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Fountain belonging to the municipal public domain, under municipal management.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Rehabilitation of a network/system

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Rehabilitation of a network of drinking water supply, sanitation or of degraded industrial fluid. The rehabilitation of a network contributes to restore optimal conditions for its exploitation
Source
According to the Auxiliary Society of Water Suppliers

Performance of water distribution network

Updated on 13/10/2021
Définition
Sens technique

Volume of water consumed by users (private, industrial and other) and the public utility (for the management of the drinking water system) in relation with the volume of drinking water introduced into the supply system.

Source
according to AFB

Charges/fees for sanitation

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by the users connected to a collective sanitation system, on their water bill. Users of an on-site sanitation facility must pay a special fee to finance the public on-site sanitation service costs.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment and Water Agencies

Affordability

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Relative significance of the cost of public water supply and sanitation services (production, conveyance and distribution of drinking water; collection, conveyance and treatment of wastewater) in the available income of consumers. This criterion is to be taken into account, e.g. when defining an overall price policy for public water supply and sanitation services.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Collective sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

A sanitation process including a public system for wastewater collecting and conveyance to a treatment plant.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All structures built by man to channel rainwater and wastewater within a city. Most of these structures are pipelines/sewers connected to each other underground. The sewer system is one of the elements constituting the sewerage system.
Source

Facility

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Technical unit where one or several activities or processes are carried out.
Source
According to BRGM

Drinking water supply unit

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A supply system wherein water quality is deemed to be homogeneous. A drinking water supply unit is managed by a single operator, owned by the same owner and belongs to a single administrative unit.
Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Wastewater treatment plant

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All facilities that treat waste waters collected by the wastewater collection system before discharging them into the natural environment in compliance with the regulations.
Source
According to the Ministries of the Environment, Health, Agriculture, Interior and Overseas

Public service delegation

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Contract by which a corporate body under public law entrusts the management of a public utility for which it is responsible to a public or private operator, whose remuneration is substantially linked to the result of the utility operation. The delegatee may possibly be responsible for building structures or for purchasing properties necessary for the utility. The fundamental difference between a public market and a public service delegation results from the method of payment chosen. For a public market, payment is made by the public buyer. For a public service delegation, remuneration derives from the operation of the utility, done at the delegatee's own risk.

Source
According to the Ministry of Economy

Inter-municipal cooperation public body

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Grouping of municipalities for the purpose of implementing joint development projects within a solidarity area. These groupings are subject to common rules that are homogeneous and comparable to those of local authorities. Urban communities, agglomeration syndicate, agglomerations communities, new agglomeration syndicate, municipal syndicate and mixed syndicates are public institutions for inter-municipal cooperation.
Source
according to the Ministry of Local Government

Direct management

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Direct management (operation) of a public utility/service by the municipality or the public inter-municipal cooperation institution which is in charge of this utility/service.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Water Board

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

A Local public institution located overseas, similar to the water agencies in continental France, which is responsible for facilitating the various activities of common interest in the management of water and aquatic environments to help achieving the objectives of the river basin management plans (SDAGEs). There is currently a water board in the Reunion, Martinique, Guadeloupe and Guyana. Since Mayotte became a Department, there are thoughts of creating a water board.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Flood warning

Updated on 08/04/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Warning issued in advance by the departmental flood forecasting services. In the event of heavy rainfall or hydrological alert, a flood warning is sent to the Prefect, who then alerts the mayors of the catchment areas concerned.

Source
according to OFB
Sens technique

Warning issued in advance by a special state service (flood forecasting service). In the event of a rainfall or hydrological alert (triggering when thresholds are exceeded), the flood forecasting service offers the Prefect the alert of the mayors of the watersheds concerned. As a severe overflow flood, the flood warning service broadcasts, for prefects and mayors, hydrological situation bulletins and information on the evolution of water levels . In 1994, 54 flood warning services monitored 16,000 km of waterways in France using automated measurement networks.

Source
According to Ministry of the Environment and OFB

Environmental audit

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Management instrument including a systematic, documented, periodic and objective assessment of the effectiveness of the organisation, management system and procedures in terms of environmental impact. An environmental audit can be carried out without a reference system, with a diagnostic purpose, or with a reference system, in order to check compliance with rules or standards.
Source
according to Cogiterra

Dam release

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Operation to lower water level and increase outflow rates to discharge some of the sediment retained by a dam. A dam release consists in opening the gates, thus limiting the silting of the dam reservoir and the risk of flooding. This operation, although common in the management of harnessed rivers, can have adverse effects on the downstream environment (decrease of oxygen levels in water, obstruction of fish gills by suspended solids, etc.).
Source
according to ISTREA

Hydraulic equipment

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Equipment or infrastructure used for the abstraction, storage, treatment, conveying or transfer of water.
Source
according to the Corsican Hydraulic Equipment Office

Public river-basin territorial agency

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Group of local authorities established, at a watershed or a group of sub-watersheds scale, in order to facilitate the flood prevention, the defense against the sea, the management of water resources, and the preservation and management of wetlands. When a Sub-basin Management Plan has been set up, the Public river-basin territorial agency contributes to its monitoring and development. It ensures also the consistency of the management project of the Public water management and development agency.

Source
according to Legifrance

Macrophyte biological index for rivers

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Index assessing the biological status of rivers based on macrophytes. Applicable to the inland parts of rivers, it essentially reflects the degree of tropism (feeding process of plant organs and tissues) related to ammonium and orthophosphate contents, as well as the most obvious organic pollution.
Source
according to the Regional Directorate for the Environment, Planning and Housing (DREAL) of the Loire reg