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Waterways transport

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Mode of transporting goods or people through the national and international waterways networks.
Source
according to the National Chamber of Inland Navigation

Maritime transport/shipping

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Mode of transporting goods or people by sea for the most part.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Inland waterway

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A harnessed river or canal open to traffic and waterways transport.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Ballast water

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun
Water contained in large tanks that can correct the trim of the boat and its balance. Ballast water is a problem during the emptying of the tank (deballasting) because species living in one part of the world are released into another zone, creating ecological disturbances. With the growth of international trade, and especially transoceanic maritime transport, problems arise because of this contribution of living organisms foreign to the local environment. Now, biological and chemical treatment systems must treat these volumes of water to limit the exchange of invasive species.
Source
according to ASTEE

Travel-cost method

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Method for estimating the maximum entry right that visitors of a site would be willing to pay to continue visiting this site. It is based on the idea that travel expenses incurred by individuals to visit a site represent their willingness to pay to visit this site. The travel cost is a measure of the visit unit.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and IOWater

Water utilization

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All services and activities having a significant impact on water status. Services related to the use of water are water uses characterized by the existence of structures for abstraction, storage, treatment or discharge. They have a fixed asset.
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Water use

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Utilization of water by human beings (domestic, industrial, agricultural, recreational, cultural uses of drinking water).
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Canal

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Hydraulic structure fed by water withdrawals from watercourses or bodies of water and mainly intended for navigation, drainage, irrigation or flow regulation.
Source
According to AFB

Maritime port

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Place where vessels can approach the coast and dock to unload their products and/or their passengers. There are natural harbours, but in most cases the port site has been built.

Source
According to Ifremer

Water Board

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

A Local public institution located overseas, similar to the water agencies in continental France, which is responsible for facilitating the various activities of common interest in the management of water and aquatic environments to help achieving the objectives of the river basin management plans (SDAGEs). There is currently a water board in the Reunion, Martinique, Guadeloupe and Guyana. Since Mayotte became a Department, there are thoughts of creating a water board.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Flood warning

Updated on 08/04/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Warning issued in advance by the departmental flood forecasting services. In the event of heavy rainfall or hydrological alert, a flood warning is sent to the Prefect, who then alerts the mayors of the catchment areas concerned.

Source
according to OFB
Sens technique

Warning issued in advance by a special state service (flood forecasting service). In the event of a rainfall or hydrological alert (triggering when thresholds are exceeded), the flood forecasting service offers the Prefect the alert of the mayors of the watersheds concerned. As a severe overflow flood, the flood warning service broadcasts, for prefects and mayors, hydrological situation bulletins and information on the evolution of water levels . In 1994, 54 flood warning services monitored 16,000 km of waterways in France using automated measurement networks.

Source
According to Ministry of the Environment and OFB

Environmental audit

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Management instrument including a systematic, documented, periodic and objective assessment of the effectiveness of the organisation, management system and procedures in terms of environmental impact. An environmental audit can be carried out without a reference system, with a diagnostic purpose, or with a reference system, in order to check compliance with rules or standards.
Source
according to Cogiterra

Dam release

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Operation to lower water level and increase outflow rates to discharge some of the sediment retained by a dam. A dam release consists in opening the gates, thus limiting the silting of the dam reservoir and the risk of flooding. This operation, although common in the management of harnessed rivers, can have adverse effects on the downstream environment (decrease of oxygen levels in water, obstruction of fish gills by suspended solids, etc.).
Source
according to ISTREA

Hydraulic equipment

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Equipment or infrastructure used for the abstraction, storage, treatment, conveying or transfer of water.
Source
according to the Corsican Hydraulic Equipment Office

Public river-basin territorial agency

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Group of local authorities established, at a watershed or a group of sub-watersheds scale, in order to facilitate the flood prevention, the defense against the sea, the management of water resources, and the preservation and management of wetlands. When a Sub-basin Management Plan has been set up, the Public river-basin territorial agency contributes to its monitoring and development. It ensures also the consistency of the management project of the Public water management and development agency.

Source
according to Legifrance

Macrophyte biological index for rivers

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Index assessing the biological status of rivers based on macrophytes. Applicable to the inland parts of rivers, it essentially reflects the degree of tropism (feeding process of plant organs and tissues) related to ammonium and orthophosphate contents, as well as the most obvious organic pollution.
Source
according to the Regional Directorate for the Environment, Planning and Housing (DREAL) of the Loire reg

Landscape integration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Landscaping (choice of colours, materials and architecture, planting of trees and flowerbeds for example) to integrate buildings and constructions in their environment.
Source
according to the Ardennes Chamber of Agriculture

Metrology

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Science that measures parameters with sensors. Metrology measures, for example, the speed of marine currents or the chemistry of water.
Source
according to IFREMER

Electric fishing

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Method used to evaluate the abundance of fish species in a portion of a stream and to precise the different populations. It consists in the creation of an electric current which attracts fish. Then, paralyzed by electricity, they rise to the surface, which helps their identification and counts. After a little while, fish are free to circulate in the stream again.

Source
According to Wikipedia et Val-de-Meurthe municipality communities

Sampling point

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Place of collection of water samples for analysis.
Source
according to AFB

Landscape restoration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Restructuring of an artificialised area, possibly a fallow land, in order to make it practicable and attractive for residents while integrating it into the landscape.
Source
according to ONF

Groundwater restoration/remediation

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Corrective action to improve the quality of groundwater.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment

Risk of not achieving good status

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Risk that, in 2015, the water bodies of a given area will not achieve the objectives set by the Water Framework Directive (WFD).
Source
according to the Artois-Picardy Water Agency

National Park

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Remarkable area of the territory that has been classified as "National Park & nbsp;" because of its exceptional natural wealth, from the point of view of landscape quality and natural, historical or cultural heritage. The establishment of a national park requires a certification by the State. It usually generates specific regulations for the protection of fauna and flora.
Source
according to the Observatory of the Mediterranean Forest

Regional natural park

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A vast area where the community stakeholders look for a development respectful of the natural balances, and sometimes a solution for maintaining declining traditional activities. A regional natural park (RNP) is usually managed by a public inter-municipal cooperation organisation, an open mixed syndicate whose board of directors is composed of elected representatives of the member communities (municipalities, departments, regions) and sometimes socio-economic partners. PNRs are classified for a 12-year renewable period.
Source
according to the Observatory of the Mediterranean Forest