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Hatching/Hatchery

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Repopulation of fresh water by introducing fry, practiced by people for fishing or fish farming.
Source
according to the Larousse dictionary

Algaculture

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Culture of algae (micro or macroalgae) potentially for the production of food (for human beings or animals), food supplements, fertilisers or other products.
Source
according to the mixed syndicate for the development of aquaculture and fishing in the Loire Region

Fish farming

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Techniques for producing and breeding fish.
Source
according to the Robert dictionary

Salmon/Trout farming

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Salmonid farming (mainly trout and salmon). Fragile and very demanding, salmonids prefer fresh, pure and oxygen-rich waters. Salmon-trout farming requires a lot of technicality and a permanent control to ensure the good health and the optimal comfort of the fish. The production sites (basins) are mostly located on the river upstream of the catchment area or in the headwaters. Salmon farming is a branch of fish farming, which is practiced in both fresh and salt water.
Source
according to the Association for the Development of Aquaculture and Professional Fishing

Nursery area

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Area where fry and juvenile fish of a mobile species gather to feed and develop. A nursery area can be used by several species.
Source
according to IFREMER and IOWater

Juvenile

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
An animal too young to be able to reproduce.
Source
according to AFB

Mussel farming

Updated on 27/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Farming of filter-feeding molluscs of the family Mytilidae called "mussels", more often marine mussels (by distinction of freshwater mussels).

Source
d'après OIEau

Water utilization

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All services and activities having a significant impact on water status. Services related to the use of water are water uses characterized by the existence of structures for abstraction, storage, treatment or discharge. They have a fixed asset.
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Bivalve

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
A filtering lamellibranch mollusc with a calcareous shell with two lateral valves (bivalve). Bivalve molluscs are separated into two classes: burrowing bivalves that live at the sediment surface or buried in it (carpetshells, cockles, clams), and non-burrowing bivalves that live attached to a hard substrate (oysters, mussels).
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Provisional classification

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Health classification of a shellfish farming area, based on results whose number does not establish a permanent classification, but allows a reliable assessment of the level of contamination. The provisional classification is replaced by a permanent classification when the number of required analyses is available.
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Echinoderm

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Marine animal characterized by a fivefold radial symmetry, protected, depending on the species, by calcareous spikes or more or less developed calcite plates. Echinoderms include the starfishes, crinoid (sea daffodil), sea urchins, sea cucumbers and brittle stars. They have tubular "feet" and are able to move (very) slowly.
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Gastropod

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Creeping mollusc often having a spiral shell wherein its visceral mass is wound up and protected, and which moves by contraction of its broad single foot.
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Regulatory shellfish group

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Group of shellfish intended for human consumption, defined by the Ministerial Decree of 21 May 1999 concerning the safety classification and the monitoring of production areas and relaying areas for live shellfish. There are three groups in which the different
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Tunicate

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Marine invertebrate animal which surrounds itself with a cellulosic protective tunic at adulthood.
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Shellfish growing area

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Production or fishing area for live shellfish, regrouping all places of capture, breeding and professional fishing by hand. Recreational activities are not affected by this administrative division.
Source
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Freshwater Fish Directive

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Directive 78/659/EEC of the Council of 18 July 1978 concerns the quality of fresh waters needing protection or improvement in order to sustain fish populations. It concerns the quality of fresh waters and applies to those waters designated by the Member States as needing protection or improvement in order to sustain fish life; it does not apply to water used for intensive fish farming. Member States shall determine the values of the parameters applicable either to salmonid or cyprinid areas. This directive was transcribed into French law by Decree of 12/19/1991, which also transcribes other directives (bathing waters, shellfish waters, etc.). Directive 2006/44/EC of the Council of 6 September 2006 now in force replaced the 78/659/EEC, without changing fundamental provisions. Finally, Article 22 of the Water…
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB, Ineris, website Europa.eu

Shellfish Waters Directive

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Directive 79/923/EEC of the Council of 30 October 1979 concerning the quality required of shellfish waters. It concerns the quality of shellfish waters and applies to those coastal and brackish waters designated by the Member States as needing protection or improvement in order to support shellfish life and growth (bivalve and gastropod molluscs) and thus to contribute to the high quality of shellfish products directly edible to human beings. Member States shall determine the values of parameters applicable to shellfish waters and which are listed in the Annex to this Directive. This directive was transcribed into French law by Decree of 12/19/1991, which also transcribed other directives (bathing waters, fish life, etc). Directive 2006/113/EC of 12 December 2006 concerning the quality required of…
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment, Ineris and AFB, Ineris

Water use

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Utilization of water by human beings (domestic, industrial, agricultural, recreational, cultural uses of drinking water).
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Shellfish farming

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Traditional shellfish farming, mainly oysters (oyster farming) and mussels (mussel breeding).
Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council

Oyster farming

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Traditional breeding of oysters.
Source
According to Poitou-Charentes Regional Council