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Discharge authorisation

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Administrative act decided by the community, owner of a sanitation facility, to authorise an exceptional water discharge. This authorisation is mandatory for any connection of an industrial effluent to a community sewerage network. It obligatorily sets the characteristics of the effluents to be complied with, the duration of the authorisation and the monitoring methods to be used.
Source
according to the Adour-Garonne Water Agency

Hydropower dam

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A structure built on a watercourse for creating a water reservoir to ensure a constant production of electricity. The impounded water of the reservoir is conveyed by pipes to the power plant.
Source
according to the French Committee of Dams and Reservoirs

Hydroxide sludge

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Sediment resulting from the physico-chemical treatment of industrial wastewater. Hydroxide sludge, generated by surface treatment of metal parts, is considered to be hazardous.
Source
according to the South-Pyrenean Waste Observatory

Red mud

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Sludge generated by bauxite processing in the manufacture of alumina and aluminium. Its colour comes from the iron oxides it contains. Red mud is highly alkaline and contains heavy metals. It is usually stored in basins, where it is dried by evaporation, or discharged at sea.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Hydropower plant

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Facility that produces electricity by the force of moving water.
Source
according to AFB
Sens technique
Hydroelectric facility transforming hydraulic energy into electricity, whose power usually varies from a few kW to 4,500 kW.
Source
according to IFREMER

Nuclear power plant

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A plant that generates electricity by using the heat released by the nuclear fuel. This heat heats water and produces steam which drives turbines and consequently alternators. In normal operation, a plant releases radioactive liquids and gas, which can be found in aquatic environments, after treatment of water used for cooling installations (demineralisation, chlorination). On the other hand, the water used in the cooling circuits is hot when it is discharged into the river or the sea, which again can alter the functioning of the ecosystems.
Source
according to AFB and the French Nuclear Energy Company

Eau blanche – milky water

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Wastewater produced during the manufacture of paper or water from the cleaning of premises and equipment of milking parlours, dairies or cheese factories.
Source
according to the Ministry of Agriculture and IOWater

Eco-balance

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Tool used for environmental impact assessments (resources and energy consumption, emissions into the air and water, wastes), taking into account the entire life cycle of products, from their manufacture to their final disposal. The eco-balance provides decision making support elements for public policies (choice of an enhancing process, criteria for eco-labelling of products, etc.) or for industrial purposes (choice of product design and improvement, for example).
Source
according to ADEME

Discharge standard

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Value constituting a legal reference that cannot be exceeded during a discharge into to the environment.
Source
according to Downstream Seine Interdepartmental Water Syndicate

Water odour

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Odour that emerges from water, usually due to a multitude of different molecules, in very low concentrations, mixed with the air that is breathed. For example, open sewers, discharges from an organic chemical industry (pharmacies, insecticides), wastewater treatment, intensive livestock farming (pigs, cattle, poultry or other) or land application (slurries, sewage sludge) can be a source of olfactory nuisance.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Industrial pollution

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Pollution directly induced by industrial activity, when it introduces biological, physical (including radiation), chemical or organic allogenic factors, affecting more or less significantly the functioning of ecosystems.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Metal pollution

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Environmental contamination caused by the excessive amount of various metals, such as aluminium, arsenic, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, zinc, etc., or even of heavy metals such as cadmium, mercury or lead, that are more toxic than the previous ones.
Source
according to CNRS

Sludge recycling

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Reuse of sewage sludge, especially in agriculture (composting, land application) or in industry (cement, for example).
Source
according to the eco-enterprise development centre

Industrial risk

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Technological risk related to an industrial facility. Industrial risks are either chronic (resulting from the different kinds of pollution likely to have an impact on the health of populations and on the environment, such as emissions of toxic metals, volatile organic compounds or carcinogenic substances), or accidental (attributable to the presence of dangerous products or processes, likely to cause an accident with serious immediate consequences for workers, residents, property and the environment).
Source
according to the Regional Directorate for the Environment, Planning and Housing (DREAL) of Champagne-Ardenne

Charges/fees for pollution from non-domestic sources

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Amount of money paid by the industrialists according to the volume of the discharged pollution. This fee aims to encourage companies and manufacturers to reduce their discharges. The charge rates are set according to the pollutant elements and can be modulated by zone, to take into account the status of the natural environment.
Source
according to the Water Agencies

Circular economy

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun
Organisation of economic and social activities using production, consumption and exchange methods based on eco-design, repair, re-use and recycling, with a view to reducing the volume of the resources used and the damage caused to the environment.
Source
according to the services of the Prime Minister
Sens technique
Economic concept that fits into the framework of sustainable development and whose objective is to produce goods and services while limiting the consumption and wastage of raw materials, water and energy sources. It means using a new economy, which is circular and no longer linear, based on the principle of "closing the life cycle" of products, services, waste, materials, water and energy.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment

Polluter-pays principle

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Principle established in the Environmental Code, whereby the costs arising from measures to prevent, reduce and control environmental pollution must be borne by the polluter.
Source
According to the Environmental Code

Water utilization

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All services and activities having a significant impact on water status. Services related to the use of water are water uses characterized by the existence of structures for abstraction, storage, treatment or discharge. They have a fixed asset.
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

NAF Code for the activity of an enterprise

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Identifier of the main activity of the self-employed worker or of the business enterprise among the activities listed in the Nomenclature of French Activities (NAF). Formerly APE code (from 1973 to 1992), since then the new NAF, this code is now composed as follows: e.g. "20.4Z" for the manufacture of wooden containers, "28.5A" for the treatment and coating of metals.
Source
According to BRGM

Authorization or declaration subject to the Environmental Code

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
This term includes declarations and authorizations related to the Water Law, declarations and authorizations related to Classified Facilities for Environmental Protection (ICPE), authorizations for Inert Waste Storage Facilities (ISDI), etc. However, according to the principle of independence of the regulations, this term does not include authorizations or declarations under another code, the Urban Planning Code in particular.
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Group of more than 100 different organic compounds consisting of several benzene rings. Some of them are persistent and carcinogenic. The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, better known by the acronym PAH, are generally formed during the incomplete combustion of coal, oil, gas, waste or other organic substances.
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

Hydroelectric potential

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Development potential of electricity generation processes in hydropower plants.

Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

Compliance action

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Action to change and improve the concerned facilities to comply with the regulations affecting them.

Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Authorization

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
An administrative police act that authorizes an activity or development (abstraction, discharge, work, etc) by laying out the conditions for business or implementation and allowing the administration to closely monitor it. Please refer in particular to "procedure" and "nomenclature"
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Declaration

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Police procedure demanding to individuals wishing to set up installations, structures, work and activities that have an impact on water and aquatic environments, to declare them above a certain level (limits of water withdrawals, discharges, size of
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB