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Public drinking water fountain

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Fountain belonging to the municipal public domain, under municipal management.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Bridge

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Structure linking two points separated by a stream, a valley or any other obstacle.
Source
according to the Robert dictionary and IOWater

Discharge into a sewer

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Action to dispose of, discharge or allow the flow of runoff water (mainly from rainfall) and wastewater (produced by human activities) into the sewers of a city.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment and City of Paris

Water utilization

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All services and activities having a significant impact on water status. Services related to the use of water are water uses characterized by the existence of structures for abstraction, storage, treatment or discharge. They have a fixed asset.
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Stormwater drainage from waterproofed surfaces

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All the techniques and facilities for controlling stormwater flow and water runoff by retention or infiltration or for taking care of the collection, possible storage and, if necessary, the stormwater and runoff-water treatment when the pollution they bring to the aquatic environment may seriously impair the effectiveness of sanitation systems. Indeed, rainwater by running off on waterproofed surfaces (roofs, roads, storage areas, etc), may carry pollutants (organic matters, heavy metals, hydrocarbons, etc).
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

On-site sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

All treatment processes that remove wastewater from an individual single-family home usually on the plot on which the house is built, without any wastewater conveyance. An extension (rarer) concerns the wastewater treatment of some neighbouring houses on private land. It is still on-site sanitation but it is regrouped. On the contrary, a group having a small collecting system and a treatment facility (spreading, filters, etc.) on community land is considered community sanitation. On-site sanitation is first defined as opposed to community sanitation.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Collective sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

A sanitation process including a public system for wastewater collecting and conveyance to a treatment plant.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Master plan for urban planning and development

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Planning document with a regulatory purpose setting out basic guidelines for an agglomeration and harmonizing State programmes as well as those of local authorities, public institutions and services. The master plan for urban planning and development (SDAU) is thus a coherent framework for action for urban planning and the restructuring of urban areas. In the Urban Planning Code, the expression "the Master Plan for Urban Planning and Development" was replaced by the "Master plan".
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Water use

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Utilization of water by human beings (domestic, industrial, agricultural, recreational, cultural uses of drinking water).
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Domestic water

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Water used by human beings for their domestic needs (kitchen, toilets, bathrooms, etc).
Source
According to BRGM

Septic tank

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Structure for on-site sanitation of individual dwellings. The watertight septic tank receives wastewater (kitchen, bathroom) and black water (toilet). It ensures, by anaerobic fermentation (with no oxygen), an early treatment that will continue into the soil by the disposal bed that consists of a network of drains.
Source
According to Adour-Garonne Water Agency

Local urbanisation plan

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Municipal urban planning document, created by the Law on Urban Solidarity and Renewal (SRU) of 13 December 2000 and replacing the land use plan, the local urbanisation plan (PLU) sets out rules for land use. It may also include operational urban planning projects such as the development of existing or new urban districts, public spaces or city entrances, etc. The PLUs must be compatible or made compatible, within three years, with the basic guidelines for sound water resources management and with the water quality and quantity objectives defined by the

Source
According to Ifremer

Domestic wastewater

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Wastewater from residential settlements and services which come mainly from human activities and domestic uses.
Source
According to Eurostat

Urban wastewater collecting system

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

All facilities for the collecting and treatment of urban wastewater. These systems are often managed by public authorities or semi-public associations.

Source
According to Eurostat

Water abstraction

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Extraction of fresh water from a groundwater source or surface, permanently or temporarily, and conveyed to the place of use. Water abstractions include all activities related levies generated by agriculture, industry (including energy), the supply of drinking water, or other (mineral spring authorized, production artificial snow).

Source
according to AFB, IOWater, SOeS and OCDE

Abstraction supply zones

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens technique

Area on which the water that soaks into the ground supplies the abstraction for drinking water.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and the Ministry for the Agriculture

Flood warning

Updated on 08/04/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Warning issued in advance by the departmental flood forecasting services. In the event of heavy rainfall or hydrological alert, a flood warning is sent to the Prefect, who then alerts the mayors of the catchment areas concerned.

Source
according to OFB
Sens technique

Warning issued in advance by a special state service (flood forecasting service). In the event of a rainfall or hydrological alert (triggering when thresholds are exceeded), the flood forecasting service offers the Prefect the alert of the mayors of the watersheds concerned. As a severe overflow flood, the flood warning service broadcasts, for prefects and mayors, hydrological situation bulletins and information on the evolution of water levels . In 1994, 54 flood warning services monitored 16,000 km of waterways in France using automated measurement networks.

Source
According to Ministry of the Environment and OFB

Hydrological balance

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Accounting of the changes in water resources (stream flows, groundwater level, effective rainfall) of an area (for example a catchment area) based on meteorological, piezometric or hydrological information.
Source
according to AFB

Hydropower plant

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Facility that produces electricity by the force of moving water.
Source
according to AFB
Sens technique
Hydroelectric facility transforming hydraulic energy into electricity, whose power usually varies from a few kW to 4,500 kW.
Source
according to IFREMER

Dam release

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Operation to lower water level and increase outflow rates to discharge some of the sediment retained by a dam. A dam release consists in opening the gates, thus limiting the silting of the dam reservoir and the risk of flooding. This operation, although common in the management of harnessed rivers, can have adverse effects on the downstream environment (decrease of oxygen levels in water, obstruction of fish gills by suspended solids, etc.).
Source
according to ISTREA

Stagnant water

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Still water in parts of a river, lake or other aquatic environment.
Source
according to UNESCO

Green water

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Water contained in the soil and available for plants.
Source
according to AFB

Groundwater/river exchange

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Exchange of water in one direction or the other between an aquifer and a river. Depending on the level of the water line, and on the season, groundwater feeds the river or is fed by it, particularly during floods. In the case of karst, these relationships are important and localised.
Source
according to AFB