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Public drinking water fountain

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Fountain belonging to the municipal public domain, under municipal management.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Bridge

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Structure linking two points separated by a stream, a valley or any other obstacle.
Source
according to the Robert dictionary and IOWater

Discharge into a sewer

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Action to dispose of, discharge or allow the flow of runoff water (mainly from rainfall) and wastewater (produced by human activities) into the sewers of a city.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment and City of Paris

Water utilization

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All services and activities having a significant impact on water status. Services related to the use of water are water uses characterized by the existence of structures for abstraction, storage, treatment or discharge. They have a fixed asset.
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Stormwater drainage from waterproofed surfaces

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All the techniques and facilities for controlling stormwater flow and water runoff by retention or infiltration or for taking care of the collection, possible storage and, if necessary, the stormwater and runoff-water treatment when the pollution they bring to the aquatic environment may seriously impair the effectiveness of sanitation systems. Indeed, rainwater by running off on waterproofed surfaces (roofs, roads, storage areas, etc), may carry pollutants (organic matters, heavy metals, hydrocarbons, etc).
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

On-site sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

All treatment processes that remove wastewater from an individual single-family home usually on the plot on which the house is built, without any wastewater conveyance. An extension (rarer) concerns the wastewater treatment of some neighbouring houses on private land. It is still on-site sanitation but it is regrouped. On the contrary, a group having a small collecting system and a treatment facility (spreading, filters, etc.) on community land is considered community sanitation. On-site sanitation is first defined as opposed to community sanitation.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Collective sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

A sanitation process including a public system for wastewater collecting and conveyance to a treatment plant.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Master plan for urban planning and development

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Planning document with a regulatory purpose setting out basic guidelines for an agglomeration and harmonizing State programmes as well as those of local authorities, public institutions and services. The master plan for urban planning and development (SDAU) is thus a coherent framework for action for urban planning and the restructuring of urban areas. In the Urban Planning Code, the expression "the Master Plan for Urban Planning and Development" was replaced by the "Master plan".
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Water use

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Utilization of water by human beings (domestic, industrial, agricultural, recreational, cultural uses of drinking water).
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Domestic water

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Water used by human beings for their domestic needs (kitchen, toilets, bathrooms, etc).
Source
According to BRGM

Septic tank

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Structure for on-site sanitation of individual dwellings. The watertight septic tank receives wastewater (kitchen, bathroom) and black water (toilet). It ensures, by anaerobic fermentation (with no oxygen), an early treatment that will continue into the soil by the disposal bed that consists of a network of drains.
Source
According to Adour-Garonne Water Agency

Local urbanisation plan

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Municipal urban planning document, created by the Law on Urban Solidarity and Renewal (SRU) of 13 December 2000 and replacing the land use plan, the local urbanisation plan (PLU) sets out rules for land use. It may also include operational urban planning projects such as the development of existing or new urban districts, public spaces or city entrances, etc. The PLUs must be compatible or made compatible, within three years, with the basic guidelines for sound water resources management and with the water quality and quantity objectives defined by the

Source
According to Ifremer

Domestic wastewater

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Wastewater from residential settlements and services which come mainly from human activities and domestic uses.
Source
According to Eurostat

Urban wastewater collecting system

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

All facilities for the collecting and treatment of urban wastewater. These systems are often managed by public authorities or semi-public associations.

Source
According to Eurostat

Defluorination

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Removal of the surplus of fluorine from water, to reach a concentration that does not expose anyone to dental or bone health risks.
Source
according to the Belgian Development Agency

Nitrate removal

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Action to remove nitrates by filtration through an ion exchange resin.
Source
according to the General Council of Seine-et-Marne

Right to water

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
The right to be provided an adequate, physically accessible and affordable supply of safe water of acceptable quality for personal and domestic use. An adequate amount of safe water is needed to prevent mortality from dehydration and to reduce the risk of waterborne disease transmission as well as for consumption, cooking and personal and domestic hygiene.
Source
according to the World Water Council

Bottled water

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Kind of water including spring waters and mineral waters, having specific regulatory requirements defined by the Public Health Code.
Source
according to the Brittany Regional Health Agency (ARS)

Water-borne disease

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Disease caused by ingestion or contact with unsafe water.
Source
according to Lenntech

Algal bloom

Updated on 27/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Phenomenon of exceptional proliferation of algae.

Source
d'après Ifremer

Good environmental status of marine waters (BEE)

Updated on 06/01/2021
Définition
Sens technique

Bon fonctionnement des écosystèmes (au niveau biologique, physique, chimique et sanitaire) permettant un usage durable du milieu marin. Onze descripteurs qualitatifs (annexe 1 de la DCSMM), communs à tous les États membres de l'Union européenne, servent à définir le bon état écologique : Biodiversité ; Espèces non indigènes ; Espèces commerciales ; Réseaux trophiques ; Eutrophisation ; Intégrité des fonds marins ; changements hydrographiques ; Contaminants ; Questions sanitaires ; Déchets marins ; Bruit sous-marin.

 

 

 

 

Source
D'après OFB

Greywater (EG)

Updated on 16/04/2021
Définition
Sens commun

Eaux usées produites par les activités domestiques, à l'exclusion des eaux noires. Les eaux grises ont vocation à être réutilisées après avoir subi un traitement. Elles sont des eaux issues des douches, des baignoires, des lavabos, des lave-linges, des éviers et des lave-vaisselle. Elles sont collectées par un réseau et habituellement dirigées vers un dispositif d’assainissement

Source
d'après JO et l'ANSES

Endocrine disruptor (PE)

Updated on 28/04/2021
Définition
Sens commun

Substance qui dérègle le fonctionnement hormonal des organismes vivants et cause ainsi des effets néfastes sur la santé de l'Homme ou d'êtres vivants de l’environnement.

Source
d'après Ministère en charge de l'environnement et ANSES
Sens technique

Substance chimique d’origine naturelle ou synthétique qui interfère avec le fonctionnement des systèmes endocriniens. Le dysfonctionnement peut toucher différentes fonctions telles que les fonctions reproductrices, la croissance, le développement, le comportement et la production, l’utilisation ou le stockage de l’énergie. L’exposition à de telles substances est susceptible de porter atteinte à la santé humaine et à l’environnement.

Certaines substances chimiques soupçonnées d’avoir des propriétés de perturbateurs endocriniens sont présentes dans de nombreux produits et articles d’usage quotidien d’origine industrielle ou naturelle (détergents, matières plastiques, cosmétiques, textiles, pesticides, peintures, meubles…). L’exposition  peut être aussi due à un contact indirect via l’environnement (eau, air, sol) lorsque celui-ci est lui-même contaminé par des PE, en particulier par des rejets dus aux activités humaines.

Source
d'après Ministère en charge de l'environnement et ANSES