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Public drinking water fountain

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Fountain belonging to the municipal public domain, under municipal management.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Bridge

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Structure linking two points separated by a stream, a valley or any other obstacle.
Source
according to the Robert dictionary and IOWater

Discharge into a sewer

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Action to dispose of, discharge or allow the flow of runoff water (mainly from rainfall) and wastewater (produced by human activities) into the sewers of a city.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment and City of Paris

Water utilization

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All services and activities having a significant impact on water status. Services related to the use of water are water uses characterized by the existence of structures for abstraction, storage, treatment or discharge. They have a fixed asset.
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Stormwater drainage from waterproofed surfaces

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All the techniques and facilities for controlling stormwater flow and water runoff by retention or infiltration or for taking care of the collection, possible storage and, if necessary, the stormwater and runoff-water treatment when the pollution they bring to the aquatic environment may seriously impair the effectiveness of sanitation systems. Indeed, rainwater by running off on waterproofed surfaces (roofs, roads, storage areas, etc), may carry pollutants (organic matters, heavy metals, hydrocarbons, etc).
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

On-site sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

All treatment processes that remove wastewater from an individual single-family home usually on the plot on which the house is built, without any wastewater conveyance. An extension (rarer) concerns the wastewater treatment of some neighbouring houses on private land. It is still on-site sanitation but it is regrouped. On the contrary, a group having a small collecting system and a treatment facility (spreading, filters, etc.) on community land is considered community sanitation. On-site sanitation is first defined as opposed to community sanitation.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Collective sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

A sanitation process including a public system for wastewater collecting and conveyance to a treatment plant.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Master plan for urban planning and development

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Planning document with a regulatory purpose setting out basic guidelines for an agglomeration and harmonizing State programmes as well as those of local authorities, public institutions and services. The master plan for urban planning and development (SDAU) is thus a coherent framework for action for urban planning and the restructuring of urban areas. In the Urban Planning Code, the expression "the Master Plan for Urban Planning and Development" was replaced by the "Master plan".
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Water use

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Utilization of water by human beings (domestic, industrial, agricultural, recreational, cultural uses of drinking water).
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Domestic water

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Water used by human beings for their domestic needs (kitchen, toilets, bathrooms, etc).
Source
According to BRGM

Septic tank

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Structure for on-site sanitation of individual dwellings. The watertight septic tank receives wastewater (kitchen, bathroom) and black water (toilet). It ensures, by anaerobic fermentation (with no oxygen), an early treatment that will continue into the soil by the disposal bed that consists of a network of drains.
Source
According to Adour-Garonne Water Agency

Local urbanisation plan

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Municipal urban planning document, created by the Law on Urban Solidarity and Renewal (SRU) of 13 December 2000 and replacing the land use plan, the local urbanisation plan (PLU) sets out rules for land use. It may also include operational urban planning projects such as the development of existing or new urban districts, public spaces or city entrances, etc. The PLUs must be compatible or made compatible, within three years, with the basic guidelines for sound water resources management and with the water quality and quantity objectives defined by the

Source
According to Ifremer

Domestic wastewater

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Wastewater from residential settlements and services which come mainly from human activities and domestic uses.
Source
According to Eurostat

Urban wastewater collecting system

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

All facilities for the collecting and treatment of urban wastewater. These systems are often managed by public authorities or semi-public associations.

Source
According to Eurostat

Leachate

Updated on 04/05/2021
Définition
Sens commun

Liquide chargé bactériologiquement et chimiquement par la dégradation des déchets lors de la circulation des eaux dans les déchets, contenu dans une décharge et ou extrait.

Source
d'après Ademe
Sens technique

Tout liquide filtrant par percolation des déchets mis en décharge et s'écoulant d'une décharge ou contenu dans celle-ci (d'après la législation européenne Directive 1999/31/CE du conseil Conseil du 26 avril 1999concernant la mise en décharge des déchets).

Cette fraction liquide résiduelle est engendrée par l'action conjuguée de l'eau de pluie et de la fermentation naturelle sur le stockage des déchets. Riche en matière organique et en éléments traces, le lixiviat ne peut être rejeté directement dans le milieu naturel et doit être soigneusement collecté et traité.

Source
d'après Veolia et OIEau

Waste

Updated on 05/03/2019
Définition
Sens réglementaire

In the meaning of the law of July 15, 1975, any residue resulting from a process of production, transformation or use, any substance, material, product or more generally any movable asset abandoned, or that its holder intends to abandon.

Source
d'après Agence de l'eau Rhône-Méditerranée et Corse

Safe making

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Action to eliminate or reduce an immediate risk to an acceptable level (e.g. through removal or disposal of hazardous products and wastes from a site, by prohibiting or limiting access to the site, or by eliminating the risks of fire and explosion, etc).
Source
According to BRGM

Blackwater

Updated on 08/07/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Domestic wastewater from toilets, generated during the evacuation of faeces and urine and which, as a result, contains a high concentration of organic matter and micro-organisms.

Source
According to ANSES and IOWater

Water softening

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
It is a technique to remove minerals that cause water hardness, especially calcium and magnesium.
Source
according to IOWater
Sens technique
A technique consisting in exchanging the calcium and magnesium ions, which are not very soluble and which react with the carbonates of water to form limestone, with the sodium ions which are perfectly soluble in water. This operation is named "ion exchange".
Source
According to UAE

Water aeration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Bringing water and air in close contact to remove all dissolved gases (especially those responsible for bad odours) from water and introducing oxygen to oxidise certain compounds such as iron and manganese to prevent corrosion).
Source
according to WHO

Bactericide

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Substance, or property of a substance, that destroys bacteria. Some disinfectants and antibiotics are bactericidal.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Decarbonatation

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Removal of some calcium and magnesium from water to achieve a compromise between the proper mineral balance of water and the optimum level of hardness.
Source
according to IFREMER and the General Council of Seine-et-Marn

Demineralisation

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Action to remove minerals and salts from water to produce demineralised water.
Source
according to Lenntech