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Public drinking water fountain

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Fountain belonging to the municipal public domain, under municipal management.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Bridge

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Structure linking two points separated by a stream, a valley or any other obstacle.
Source
according to the Robert dictionary and IOWater

Discharge into a sewer

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Action to dispose of, discharge or allow the flow of runoff water (mainly from rainfall) and wastewater (produced by human activities) into the sewers of a city.
Source
according to the Ministry of the Environment and City of Paris

Water utilization

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All services and activities having a significant impact on water status. Services related to the use of water are water uses characterized by the existence of structures for abstraction, storage, treatment or discharge. They have a fixed asset.
Source
According to the Ministry of Ecology

Stormwater drainage from waterproofed surfaces

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All the techniques and facilities for controlling stormwater flow and water runoff by retention or infiltration or for taking care of the collection, possible storage and, if necessary, the stormwater and runoff-water treatment when the pollution they bring to the aquatic environment may seriously impair the effectiveness of sanitation systems. Indeed, rainwater by running off on waterproofed surfaces (roofs, roads, storage areas, etc), may carry pollutants (organic matters, heavy metals, hydrocarbons, etc).
Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

On-site sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

All treatment processes that remove wastewater from an individual single-family home usually on the plot on which the house is built, without any wastewater conveyance. An extension (rarer) concerns the wastewater treatment of some neighbouring houses on private land. It is still on-site sanitation but it is regrouped. On the contrary, a group having a small collecting system and a treatment facility (spreading, filters, etc.) on community land is considered community sanitation. On-site sanitation is first defined as opposed to community sanitation.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Collective sanitation

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

A sanitation process including a public system for wastewater collecting and conveyance to a treatment plant.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Master plan for urban planning and development

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique
Planning document with a regulatory purpose setting out basic guidelines for an agglomeration and harmonizing State programmes as well as those of local authorities, public institutions and services. The master plan for urban planning and development (SDAU) is thus a coherent framework for action for urban planning and the restructuring of urban areas. In the Urban Planning Code, the expression "the Master Plan for Urban Planning and Development" was replaced by the "Master plan".
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Water use

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Utilization of water by human beings (domestic, industrial, agricultural, recreational, cultural uses of drinking water).
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Domestic water

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Water used by human beings for their domestic needs (kitchen, toilets, bathrooms, etc).
Source
According to BRGM

Septic tank

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Structure for on-site sanitation of individual dwellings. The watertight septic tank receives wastewater (kitchen, bathroom) and black water (toilet). It ensures, by anaerobic fermentation (with no oxygen), an early treatment that will continue into the soil by the disposal bed that consists of a network of drains.
Source
According to Adour-Garonne Water Agency

Local urbanisation plan

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Municipal urban planning document, created by the Law on Urban Solidarity and Renewal (SRU) of 13 December 2000 and replacing the land use plan, the local urbanisation plan (PLU) sets out rules for land use. It may also include operational urban planning projects such as the development of existing or new urban districts, public spaces or city entrances, etc. The PLUs must be compatible or made compatible, within three years, with the basic guidelines for sound water resources management and with the water quality and quantity objectives defined by the

Source
According to Ifremer

Domestic wastewater

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Wastewater from residential settlements and services which come mainly from human activities and domestic uses.
Source
According to Eurostat

Urban wastewater collecting system

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

All facilities for the collecting and treatment of urban wastewater. These systems are often managed by public authorities or semi-public associations.

Source
According to Eurostat

Anthropization

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Conversion of a natural environment by human action. River development is an example of anthropization.
Source
according to Wikipedia

Landscape restoration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Restructuring of an artificialised area, possibly a fallow land, in order to make it practicable and attractive for residents while integrating it into the landscape.
Source
according to ONF

Artificialisation

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Moving an environment or landscape from a relatively natural status to a man-made status.
Source
according to IFREMER

Artificialization of soils

Updated on 14/06/2021
Définition
Sens commun

Transformation d'un sol à caractère naturel ou agricole par des actions d’aménagement, pouvant entraîner son imperméabilisation totale ou partielle.

 

 

Source
d'après Ministère en charge de l'environnement, OFB et PLanete-info
Sens technique

Phénomène qui consiste à transformer un sol naturel, agricole ou forestier, par des opérations d’aménagement pouvant entraîner une imperméabilisation partielle ou totale, afin de les affecter notamment à des fonctions urbaines ou de transport (habitat, activités, commerces, infrastructures, équipements publics…). En France comme dans d’autres pays, du fait de l'étalement de notre urbanisation et de nos infrastructures, l'artificialisation des sols augmente.

Cette réduction est préjudiciable à la biodiversité, au climat et à la vie terrestre en général : Accélération de la perte de biodiversité ; Réchauffement climatique ; Amplification des risques d'inondations ; perte de productivité agricole ; Accroissement des dépenses liées aux réseaux (routes, électricité, assainissement) ; Ajout d’autre nuisance à la biodiversité (nuisance…

Source
d'après Ministère en charge de l'environnement et OFB

River improvement

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens technique

Action on a river for recovering the entire bed and river banks of the watercourse to achieve the priority goal of increasing the hydraulic capacity of the targeted segment. This implies flow acceleration and therefore an increased flood

Source
According to Rhone-Mediterranean and Corsica Water Agency

Revitalization of an environment

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Action to rehabilitate a more or less artificialized environment to its original and natural status. By trying to rehabilitate all the physical characteristics of the environment (e.g. meanders recovered in an improved river), revitalization aims to recover all the initial potentials of the environment in terms of biological diversity, self-cleaning capacity, etc. Most ambitious than restoration, revitalization aims to globally recreate the ecological functioning and

Source
According to Rhine-Meuse Water Agency

Water softening

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
It is a technique to remove minerals that cause water hardness, especially calcium and magnesium.
Source
according to IOWater
Sens technique
A technique consisting in exchanging the calcium and magnesium ions, which are not very soluble and which react with the carbonates of water to form limestone, with the sodium ions which are perfectly soluble in water. This operation is named "ion exchange".
Source
According to UAE