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Water Law of 16 December 1964

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens réglementaire
It aims to cope with the evolution of demography, industrial development and the growing pollution problems they generate, the first law enabling institutional, financial and technical conditions for global and decentralised water resources management. It thus establishes a management logic according to major river basins (and not according to an administrative logic); sets up, in each basin, a basin committee in charge of drafting the water management policy, and a water agency (or financial basin agency), in charge of implementing this policy; and establishes a National Water Committee (NWC), an advisory body for the Prime Minister. The law of 16 December 1964 imposes, with its goal of pollution control, the making of a national inventory to establish the degree of pollution (INP) of surface water and the definition of objectives for quality improvement. It has been repealed for codification in the environment code.
Source
according to AFB

Water Law of 3 January 1992

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Law making the necessary amendments to the legislative framework to implement the numerous European directives for defining the quality standards that water must meet for certain uses (drinking water, bathing water, fish-breeding water, shellfish waters). One of the strengths of the law of 3 January 1992 is the introduction of two new global water resources planning systems: master plans for water development and management (SDAGE) for each of the major French river basins, and water management and management plans (SAGE) developed on a more local scale. Contrary to the 1964 law, the 1992 law does not imply any obligation to monitor environments but it reinforces the principles of protection of aquatic ecosystems and consultation between water users and stakeholders. The evolution of knowledge is also making it clear that the assessment of river quality must be done by considering the different components of the environment (water and substrate) and the organisms that live in it.
Source
according to AFB

Law of 21 April 2004 on WFD transposition

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Law transposing the 2000 Water Framework Directive (WFD), which harmonises European regulations on water management and introduces the obligation to protect and restore the quality of water and aquatic environments in the European Union. Environmental objectives must be set for all aquatic environments (rivers, lakes, coastal waters - coastal and transitional waters - and groundwater) by 2015: achievement of good water status, no deterioration of resources and reduction or elimination of discharges of hazardous substances. The novelty of the concept of "good status" now relies on the proper functioning of aquatic environments taking into account all components of the environment: water, wildlife, flora and habitats.
Source
according to AFB

Directive on the conservation of wild birds

Updated on 06/01/2021
Définition
Sens réglementaire

Directive 2009/147/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 30 novembre 2009 concernant la conservation des oiseaux sauvages. Elle vise la conservation de tous les oiseaux sauvages dans l’Union européenne (UE) en fixant des règles pour leur protection, leur conservation, leur gestion et leur régulation. Elle s’applique aux oiseaux ainsi qu’à leurs œufs, à leurs nids et à leurs habitats. Elle codifie la directive adoptée initialement en 1979 (directive 79/409/CEE).
La directive 2009/147/CE a été modifiée en 2019 par le règlement (UE) 2019/1010, lequel simplifie, tout en s’y conformant, les obligations de déclaration dans le domaine du droit de l’environnement.

Source
d'après Eur-lex

Good status

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Goal to be achieved for all waters by 2015, according to the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC, unless postponement or definition of a less strict target. The good status of surface water is achieved when both its ecological status and chemical status are at least "good". The good status of groundwater is achieved when both its quantitative status and chemical status are at least "good…
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Local Water Commission

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Commission established by the prefect, responsible for developing collectively, reviewing and monitoring the implementation of the water development and management plan (SAGE). As the true decision-making entity of the SBMP, the Local Water Commission (LWC) organizes all aspects of the process, including the preparation of each step, validation of documents, settling of disputes, as well as monitoring implementation. Once the SBMP has been adopted, the LWC oversees the implementation of the recommendations and stipulations contained in the SBMP, as well as the execution of projects. The LWC is chaired by a local elected official and is made up of three voting groups, whose members are appointed by prefectural decision: local governments, their collective groups and local public entities (at least one-half of the all LWC members); users (farmers, industrial companies, etc.), land owners, professional organizations and the relevant associations (at least one quarter of all LWC members); the State and its public organizations (at most one-quarter of all LWC members).
Source
according to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Reserved watercourse

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
A watercourse for which, under the Act of 16 October 1919, amended by the Act of July 1980 on energy savings and the use of heat and the law of June 1984 on freshwater fishing, no authorization or concession is given for new…
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Balanced and sustainable management of water resources

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
According to the Water Act of 1992, it is a kind of management to ensure: the conservation of aquatic ecosystems, sites and wetlands; pollution control and recovery of water quality (etc); the development and protection of water resources; the use of water as an economic resource and distribution of that resource, and this to reconcile and meet different uses, activities or water-related work.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Fish classification of watercourses

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Legal classification of a watercourse based on the dominant species and worthy of protection. In principle, the river is classified in the first category when the dominant group consists of salmonids (salmon, trout) and in the second category, when the dominant group is composed of cyprinids (carp, barbel, roach, etc.). This classification determines the fishing practices.
Source
According to AFB

Important Bird Area

Updated on 07/03/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Area which is part of the scientific inventory developed under an international program of Birdlife International to identify the most favorable areas for the conservation of wild birds.

Source
According to french National museum of natural history
Sens technique

Area designated under the 1979 Birds Directive 79/409 / EEC. Areas of importance for the conservation of birds (IBAs) are sites that have been identified as important for certain bird species (breeding areas, seabirds). wintering or migration relay areas) during the scientific inventory program launched by the NGO Birdlife International. They don't have a particular legal status. The most suitable sites for the conservation of the most endangered birds are classified totally or partially in Special Protection Areas (SPAs). The latter, associated with the Special Areas of Conservation constitute the network of Natura 2000 sites.

Source
According to Green and Blue Habitat network ressource center
Sens réglementaire

Areas established pursuant to EEC Directive 79/409 on the protection of birds and their habitats. They have been delineated by the network of French ornithologists on the basis of the criteria proposed in a methodological note. After validation, they are designated to be designated Special Protection Areas (SPAs).

Source
According to Legifrance

Wetland

Updated on 06/12/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Natural environment marked by the temporary or permanent presence of water, hosting a specific flora and fauna. Examples include a marsh, bog, pond, pond, pond, estuary, etc.

Source
according to AFB and IOWater
Sens technique

An area where water, whether fresh, salty or brackish, is the main factor controlling the natural environment and the associated animal and plant life. Wetlands are fed by stream flow and/or rising water tables and are shaped by the alternation of high and low water levels. Examples include streams, peat bogs, ponds, ponds, ponds, banks, floodplains, salt meadows, mudflats, coastal marshes, estuaries. These areas are transition spaces between land and water (they are ecotones). The vegetation present has a marked hygrophilic character (which absorbs water). Like all these types of particular spaces, it has a strong biological potential (specific fauna and flora) and have a role in regulating flow and improving water quality.

Source
according to AFB
Sens réglementaire

There are several regulatory definitions of the term "Wetland" depending on the text: 

  • According to article L211-1 of the Environmental Code, "wetlands are defined as "land, whether or not exploited, usually flooded or gorged with fresh, salty or brackish water on a permanent or temporary basis; vegetation, where it exists, is dominated by hygrophilic plants for at least part of the year".
  • According to article R.211-108 of the Environmental Code, which specifies article L211-1: the criteria to be used to define a wetland are related to the morphology of the soil related to the prolonged presence of water of natural origin and the possible presence of hygrophilic plants, in the absence of hygrophilic vegetation, the morphology of the soil is sufficient to define a wetland, the delimitation of wetlands is carried out using flood or groundwater levels, or the frequencies and amplitudes of the tides.
  • According to Article 1.1 of the RAMSAR Convention, a wetland is "an area of marshes, fens, peatlands or natural or artificial, permanent or temporary waters, where the water is stagnant or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of…
Source
according to the Environmental Code