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Farm

Updated on 07/03/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Place where an agricultural activity occurs (livestock or crops).

Source
according to IOWater
Sens technique

Economic and production unit that simultaneously meets three conditions: the unit has an agricultural activity, reaches or exceeds a certain dimension (surface area, number of animals, production...) and is under day-to-day and independent management.

Source
according to the Ministry of Agriculture
Sens réglementaire

According to European Regulation (EU) 2018/1091 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 July 2018 concerning integrated statistics on agricultural holdings, an agricultural holding is an individual unit, from a technical and economic point of view, which has a management and carrying out economic activities in the field of agriculture, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006, falling within groups A.01.1, A.01.2, A.01.3, A.01.4, A.01.5 or the "maintenance of agricultural land under good agricultural and environmental conditions" of group A.01.6 on the economic territory of the Union, as a primary or secondary activity. For activities in class A.01.49, only the following activities are included: "breeding of semi-domestic animals or other live animals" (except for the breeding of insects) and "beekeeping and production of honey and beeswax."

Source
according to the European Parliament

Water Law of 16 December 1964

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens réglementaire
It aims to cope with the evolution of demography, industrial development and the growing pollution problems they generate, the first law enabling institutional, financial and technical conditions for global and decentralised water resources management. It thus establishes a management logic according to major river basins (and not according to an administrative logic); sets up, in each basin, a basin committee in charge of drafting the water management policy, and a water agency (or financial basin agency), in charge of implementing this policy; and establishes a National Water Committee (NWC), an advisory body for the Prime Minister. The law of 16 December 1964 imposes, with its goal of pollution control, the making of a national inventory to establish the degree of pollution (INP) of surface water and the definition of objectives for quality improvement. It has been repealed for codification in the environment code.
Source
according to AFB

Water Law of 3 January 1992

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Law making the necessary amendments to the legislative framework to implement the numerous European directives for defining the quality standards that water must meet for certain uses (drinking water, bathing water, fish-breeding water, shellfish waters). One of the strengths of the law of 3 January 1992 is the introduction of two new global water resources planning systems: master plans for water development and management (SDAGE) for each of the major French river basins, and water management and management plans (SAGE) developed on a more local scale. Contrary to the 1964 law, the 1992 law does not imply any obligation to monitor environments but it reinforces the principles of protection of aquatic ecosystems and consultation between water users and stakeholders. The evolution of knowledge is also making it clear that the assessment of river quality must be done by considering the different components of the environment (water and substrate) and the organisms that live in it.
Source
according to AFB

Law of 21 April 2004 on WFD transposition

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Law transposing the 2000 Water Framework Directive (WFD), which harmonises European regulations on water management and introduces the obligation to protect and restore the quality of water and aquatic environments in the European Union. Environmental objectives must be set for all aquatic environments (rivers, lakes, coastal waters - coastal and transitional waters - and groundwater) by 2015: achievement of good water status, no deterioration of resources and reduction or elimination of discharges of hazardous substances. The novelty of the concept of "good status" now relies on the proper functioning of aquatic environments taking into account all components of the environment: water, wildlife, flora and habitats.
Source
according to AFB

Good status

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Goal to be achieved for all waters by 2015, according to the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC, unless postponement or definition of a less strict target. The good status of surface water is achieved when both its ecological status and chemical status are at least "good". The good status of groundwater is achieved when both its quantitative status and chemical status are at least "good…
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Local Water Commission

Updated on 04/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Commission established by the prefect, responsible for developing collectively, reviewing and monitoring the implementation of the water development and management plan (SAGE). As the true decision-making entity of the SBMP, the Local Water Commission (LWC) organizes all aspects of the process, including the preparation of each step, validation of documents, settling of disputes, as well as monitoring implementation. Once the SBMP has been adopted, the LWC oversees the implementation of the recommendations and stipulations contained in the SBMP, as well as the execution of projects. The LWC is chaired by a local elected official and is made up of three voting groups, whose members are appointed by prefectural decision: local governments, their collective groups and local public entities (at least one-half of the all LWC members); users (farmers, industrial companies, etc.), land owners, professional organizations and the relevant associations (at least one quarter of all LWC members); the State and its public organizations (at most one-quarter of all LWC members).
Source
according to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Reserved watercourse

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
A watercourse for which, under the Act of 16 October 1919, amended by the Act of July 1980 on energy savings and the use of heat and the law of June 1984 on freshwater fishing, no authorization or concession is given for new…
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Freshwater Fish Directive

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Directive 78/659/EEC of the Council of 18 July 1978 concerns the quality of fresh waters needing protection or improvement in order to sustain fish populations. It concerns the quality of fresh waters and applies to those waters designated by the Member States as needing protection or improvement in order to sustain fish life; it does not apply to water used for intensive fish farming. Member States shall determine the values of the parameters applicable either to salmonid or cyprinid areas. This directive was transcribed into French law by Decree of 12/19/1991, which also transcribes other directives (bathing waters, shellfish waters, etc.). Directive 2006/44/EC of the Council of 6 September 2006 now in force replaced the 78/659/EEC, without changing fundamental provisions. Finally, Article 22 of the Water…
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB, Ineris, website Europa.eu

Balanced and sustainable management of water resources

Updated on 19/06/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
According to the Water Act of 1992, it is a kind of management to ensure: the conservation of aquatic ecosystems, sites and wetlands; pollution control and recovery of water quality (etc); the development and protection of water resources; the use of water as an economic resource and distribution of that resource, and this to reconcile and meet different uses, activities or water-related work.
Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment and AFB

Fish classification of watercourses

Updated on 13/07/2018
Définition
Sens réglementaire
Legal classification of a watercourse based on the dominant species and worthy of protection. In principle, the river is classified in the first category when the dominant group consists of salmonids (salmon, trout) and in the second category, when the dominant group is composed of cyprinids (carp, barbel, roach, etc.). This classification determines the fishing practices.
Source
According to AFB