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Water Board

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

A Local public institution located overseas, similar to the water agencies in continental France, which is responsible for facilitating the various activities of common interest in the management of water and aquatic environments to help achieving the objectives of the river basin management plans (SDAGEs). There is currently a water board in the Reunion, Martinique, Guadeloupe and Guyana. Since Mayotte became a Department, there are thoughts of creating a water board.

Source
According to the Ministry for the Environment

Flood warning

Updated on 08/04/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Warning issued in advance by the departmental flood forecasting services. In the event of heavy rainfall or hydrological alert, a flood warning is sent to the Prefect, who then alerts the mayors of the catchment areas concerned.

Source
according to OFB
Sens technique

Warning issued in advance by a special state service (flood forecasting service). In the event of a rainfall or hydrological alert (triggering when thresholds are exceeded), the flood forecasting service offers the Prefect the alert of the mayors of the watersheds concerned. As a severe overflow flood, the flood warning service broadcasts, for prefects and mayors, hydrological situation bulletins and information on the evolution of water levels . In 1994, 54 flood warning services monitored 16,000 km of waterways in France using automated measurement networks.

Source
According to Ministry of the Environment and OFB

Hydraulic equipment

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Equipment or infrastructure used for the abstraction, storage, treatment, conveying or transfer of water.
Source
according to the Corsican Hydraulic Equipment Office

Landscape integration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Landscaping (choice of colours, materials and architecture, planting of trees and flowerbeds for example) to integrate buildings and constructions in their environment.
Source
according to the Ardennes Chamber of Agriculture

Metrology

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Science that measures parameters with sensors. Metrology measures, for example, the speed of marine currents or the chemistry of water.
Source
according to IFREMER

Electric fishing

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun

Method used to evaluate the abundance of fish species in a portion of a stream and to precise the different populations. It consists in the creation of an electric current which attracts fish. Then, paralyzed by electricity, they rise to the surface, which helps their identification and counts. After a little while, fish are free to circulate in the stream again.

Source
According to Wikipedia et Val-de-Meurthe municipality communities

Sampling point

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Place of collection of water samples for analysis.
Source
according to AFB

Landscape restoration

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Restructuring of an artificialised area, possibly a fallow land, in order to make it practicable and attractive for residents while integrating it into the landscape.
Source
according to ONF

Inland waterway

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A harnessed river or canal open to traffic and waterways transport.
Source
according to Wikipedia

National Park

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Remarkable area of the territory that has been classified as "National Park & nbsp;" because of its exceptional natural wealth, from the point of view of landscape quality and natural, historical or cultural heritage. The establishment of a national park requires a certification by the State. It usually generates specific regulations for the protection of fauna and flora.
Source
according to the Observatory of the Mediterranean Forest

Regional natural park

Updated on 06/09/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A vast area where the community stakeholders look for a development respectful of the natural balances, and sometimes a solution for maintaining declining traditional activities. A regional natural park (RNP) is usually managed by a public inter-municipal cooperation organisation, an open mixed syndicate whose board of directors is composed of elected representatives of the member communities (municipalities, departments, regions) and sometimes socio-economic partners. PNRs are classified for a 12-year renewable period.
Source
according to the Observatory of the Mediterranean Forest

Self-monitoring system

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Self-monitoring system generally required by law, to check the operation or impact of installations (e.g. wastewater-treatment plants, industrial sites, etc.). Generally speaking, it addresses the assessment water quality at the output of installations classified for environnemental protection, and the control of wastewater-treatment plants and sanitation networks.

Source
according to AFB

Public water management and development agency

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Group of local authorities in charge of the local management project and of the territorial water coordination, at the watershed scale. The Public water management and development agency has to ensure flood prevention as well as non-state-owned rivers management.

Source
according to Legifrance

Mineral micropollutant

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Mineral active product, mainly metals or metalloids, whose accumulation, even at low concentrations, affects the environment and organisms. The main mineral micro pollutants controlled (from both natural and anthropical occurrence) are cadmium, mercury, copper, chromium, zinc, nickel, lead, etc.

Source
According to Seine-Normandie Water Agency

Organic micropollutant

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Organic active ingredient, usually synthesized by the chemical industry, whose accumulation, even at low concentrations, can be toxic. The main organic micropollutants controlled are volatile organic compounds (VOC), hydrocarbons, andpolychlorinated biphenyl(PCB).

Source
According to Seine-Normandie Water Agency

Physico-chemical

Updated on 25/02/2019
Définition
Sens commun

Physical and chemical characteristics of water. Inside a water analysis, the observed parameters are quite numerous, and all of these allow to determine the physical-chemical water quality, which determines the maintenance of river biodiversity. These parameters could be for example, temperature, turbidity, concentration of organic matter, mineral, nitrogen, etc.

Source
according to the Ministry of Environment

Environmental compensation

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
A set of actions for the environment to counterbalance the damage caused by the implementation of a project, which could not be avoided or limited. Environmental compensation can consist of the protection of natural areas, the restoration, use or long-term management of natural habitats.
Source
according to CELF

Topsoil removal

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
An ecological soil restoration technique consisting in removing a surface layer to reduce its organic content and thus enable the installation of pioneer species, plant or animal. Topsoil removal is a technique that is especially applied to nutrient-poor environments, such as natural lawns and heaths. Topsoil removal is distinguished from soil stripping, which is practiced more deeply and for the purpose of pollution removal.
Source
according to CELF

Environmental engineerin

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Scientific, technical and practical knowledge to understand and improve interactions between human beings and natural environments.
Source
according to CELF

Ecological engineering

Updated on 24/06/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Project management which, in its implementation and monitoring, applies the principles of ecological engineering and promotes the resilience of ecosystems. Ecological engineering allows in particular the reconstruction of natural environments, the restoration of degraded environments and the optimization of functions provided by ecosystems.

Source
according to French Ecological Engineering Resource Center

Crisis management

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
All the organisational processes, techniques and means used to prepare for a crisis, to cope with it and to mitigate its consequences. Crisis management includes alert, coordinated relief response and retrospective analysis of the sequence and effects of the first two phases.
Source
according to CELF

Integrated management

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Management of some activities that integrates, from the design stage, all the ecological, economic and social factors linked to them. By assessing all its consequences for a given environment, it appears that integrated management contributes to saving time, space and means of production and reducing losses in terms of energy and natural resources.
Source
according to the Commission for Enrichment of the French Language

Ecological engineering

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
Carrying out projects that, in their implementation and monitoring, apply the principles of ecological engineering and enable the resilience of ecosystems. Ecological engineering allows recovering natural environments, restoring degraded environments and optimising the functions provided by ecosystems.
Source
according to CELF

Resilience

Updated on 04/12/2018
Définition
Sens commun
The ability of an ecosystem to withstand and survive alterations or disturbances affecting its structure or functioning, and eventually find a new balance.
Source
according to CELF

Dam removal

Updated on 27/07/2020
Définition
Sens commun

Action de démanteler et détruire un obstacle à la continuité écologique (biologique et sédimentaire) d’un cours d’eau. Par exemple un seuil ou un barrage, édifié sur les cours d’eau.

Source
d'après Jura Natura Services